Causes of acute respiratory distress in children
- Debra L Weiner, MD, PhD
Debra L Weiner, MD, PhD
- Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Section Editor
- Gary R Fleisher, MD
Gary R Fleisher, MD
- Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
- Egan Family Foundation Professor
- Harvard Medical School
- Deputy Editor
- James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
- Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
- Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
- Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
- University of Connecticut School of Medicine
This topic will review causes of acute respiratory distress in children. A detailed discussion of the approach to children with acute respiratory distress and approach to children with severe upper airway obstruction is found elsewhere. (See "Acute respiratory distress in children: Emergency evaluation and initial stabilization" and "Emergency evaluation of acute upper airway obstruction in children".)
Other related topics including the initial assessment and stabilization of children with respiratory and circulatory compromise and airway management techniques, including rapid sequence intubation (RSI), and conditions causing respiratory distress in newborns are discussed separately:To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- Immediately life-threatening conditions
- - Severe upper airway obstruction
- - Tension pneumothorax
- - Pulmonary embolism
- - Cardiac tamponade
- - Other traumatic conditions
- - Biological or chemical weapons
- Other non-traumatic conditions
- - Respiratory tract conditions
- Foreign body
- Airway anomalies
- Pulmonary edema
- Chest wall and thoracic cavity abnormalities
- - Cardiovascular conditions
- Congenital heart disease
- Acute decompensated heart failure
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Myocardial infarction
- - Neurologic and muscle diseases
- - Gastrointestinal conditions
- - Metabolic and endocrine diseases
- - Hematologic conditions
- - Acute on chronic diseases