Candida infections of the bladder and kidneys
- Gary M Cox, MD
Gary M Cox, MD
- Professor of Medicine
- Duke University Medical Center
- Carol A Kauffman, MD
Carol A Kauffman, MD
- Section Editor — Fungal Infections
- Professor of Internal Medicine
- University of Michigan Medical School
- Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System
Funguria is common in hospitalized patients and is generally benign. Invasive infection of the kidney is unusual and is difficult to treat. The vast majority of fungal infections of the kidney and bladder result from Candida albicans and other Candida species. A variety of other fungi can rarely involve the kidney as a result of disseminated infection. These include:
●Mucorales (eg, Rhizopus, Mucor species)
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- EPIDEMIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS
- INFECTION VERSUS COLONIZATION
- NATURAL HISTORY
- CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS
- Candidemia-associated infection
- Ascending infection
- Asymptomatic candiduria
- Symptomatic candiduria
- - Fluconazole
- - Amphotericin B
- - Flucytosine
- - Other agents
- Perinephric abscess
- Fungus balls
- In renal transplantation
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
- Risk factors and clinical presentation