Candida infections in children: An overview
- Carol A Kauffman, MD
Carol A Kauffman, MD
- Section Editor — Fungal Infections
- Professor of Internal Medicine
- University of Michigan Medical School
- Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System
- Judith R Campbell, MD
Judith R Campbell, MD
- Professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
- Baylor College of Medicine
The clinical manifestations of infection with Candida species range from local mucous membrane infection to widespread dissemination with multisystem organ failure. Candida are considered normal flora in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts of humans, but invade and cause disease when there is an imbalance in their ecological niche. (See "Biology of Candida infections".)
This topic will provide an overview of Candida infections in children. Many of these infections are discussed in detail in other topic reviews; they are briefly summarized here. The clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of candidemia in children and Candida infections in neonates are discussed separately.
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- MUCOCUTANEOUS CANDIDIASIS
- Oropharyngeal candidiasis
- - Clinical manifestations
- - Treatment
- Diaper dermatitis
- Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
- INVASIVE CANDIDIASIS
- Candidemia and acute disseminated candidiasis
- Invasive focal infections
- - Urinary tract infections
- - Peritonitis
- - Endophthalmitis
- - Osteoarticular infections
- - Meningitis/CNS infection
- - Endocarditis
- Hepatosplenic or chronic disseminated candidiasis
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS