Medline ® Abstracts for References 95,98
of 'Cancer of the appendix and pseudomyxoma peritonei'
Cytoreductive surgery followed by intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion: analysis of morbidity and mortality in 209 peritoneal surface malignancies treated with closed abdomen technique.
Kusamura S, Younan R, Baratti D, Costanzo P, Favaro M, Gavazzi C, Deraco M
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective Phase II study was to analyze morbidity and mortality of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) in the treatment of peritoneal surface malignancies.
METHODS: A total of 205 patients (50 with peritoneal mesothelioma, 49 with pseudomyxoma peritonei, 41 with ovarian cancer, 32 with abdominal sarcomatosis, 13 with colon cancer, 12 with gastric cancer, and 8 with carcinomatosis from other origins) underwent 209 consecutive procedures. Four patients underwent the intervention twice because of disease relapse. There were 70 men and 135 women. Mean age was 52 years (range, 22-76 yrs). CRS was performed by using peritonectomy procedures. IPHP through the closed abdomen technique was conducted with a preheated (42.5 degrees C) perfusate containing cisplatin + mitomycin C or cisplatin + doxorubicin.
RESULTS: Major morbidity rate was 12%. The most significant complications were 23 anastomotic leaks or bowel perforations, 4 abdominal bleeds, and 4 sepses. Operative mortality rate was 0.9%. On logistic regression model multivariate analysis, extent of cytoreduction (odds ratio [OR], 2.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-6.40) and dose of cisplatin for IPHP>or = 240 mg (OR, 3.13; 95% CI, 1.24-7.90) were independent risk factors for major morbidity. Ten patients presented with Grade 3 to 4 toxicity.
CONCLUSIONS: CRS + IPHP presented acceptable morbidity, toxicity, and mortality rates, all of which support prospective Phase III clinical trials.
Department of Surgery, National Cancer Institute of Milan, Milan, Italy.
Aggressive surgical management of peritoneal carcinomatosis with low mortality in a high-volume tertiary cancer center.
Gusani NJ, Cho SW, Colovos C, Seo S, Franko J, Richard SD, Edwards RP, Brown CK, Holtzman MP, Zeh HJ, Bartlett DL
Ann Surg Oncol. 2008;15(3):754.
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery (CS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) traditionally involves high perioperative morbidity and mortality. We report our experience performing CS-HIPEC in a high-volume regional perfusion program designed to limit morbidity and mortality.
METHODS: A total of 122 patients underwent 124 CS-HIPEC procedures. Common tumors treated with CS-HIPEC included appendiceal (38.5%), colorectal (24.6%), and ovarian cancers (13.1%), and peritoneal mesothelioma (12.3%). Complete cytoreduction was performed in all patients, with organ resections performed as necessary.
RESULTS: R0 resection was achieved in 28.7% of cases, R1 in 54.9%, and R2 in 16.4%. Median operative time was 460 minutes (range, 250-840 minutes), and median blood loss was 1150 mL (range, 10-14,000 mL). Median hospital and intensive care unit stays were 12 days (range, 6-50 days) and 3 days (range, 0-41 days), respectively. Grade 3 or 4morbidity by National Cancer Institute criteria (major morbidity) was seen in 29.8% of cases, with overall morbidity 56.5%. Independent prognostic variables for major morbidity included number of anastomoses and degree of cytoreduction. In-hospital and 30-day mortality rates were 0% and 1.6%, respectively. The most favorable diagnosis was appendiceal cancer, for which 2-year survival was 66.7%, with lower-grade histologic subtypes of appendiceal cancer reaching 85.7% 2-year survival. Colorectal cancer had 2-year survival of 36.7%.
CONCLUSIONS: In a high-volume center with extensive experience treating peritoneal malignancies, perioperative mortality can be lowered to nearly zero, although morbidity remains high. CS-HIPEC procedures should be studied further in a controlled manner to help define their important role in the care of patients with PC.
Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. email@example.com