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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 79

of 'Cancer of the appendix and pseudomyxoma peritonei'

Mucinous and nonmucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas: different clinicopathological features but similar genetic alterations.
Kabbani W, Houlihan PS, Luthra R, Hamilton SR, Rashid A
Mod Pathol. 2002;15(6):599.
The genetic alterations of appendiceal carcinomas have not been reported in detail. We studied the clinicopathological factors and genetic alterations including microsatellite instability, p53 overexpression, and mutations of the K-ras proto-oncogene of 30 appendiceal adenocarcinomas, consisting of 23 mucinous and 7 nonmucinous carcinomas. Sixteen (70%) mucinous carcinomas presented with pseudomyxoma peritonei, but 6 of 7 (86%) nonmucinous carcinomas presented with appendicitis (P =.002). All carcinomas were microsatellite stable, and p53 overexpression was present in only 1 of 30 (3%) carcinomas. K-ras mutation was present in 11 of 20 (55%) carcinomas, including 8 of 16 (50%) mucinous and 3 of 4 (75%) nonmucinous carcinomas. The mean survival of patients with mucinous carcinomas was 26 +/- 19 months compared with 13 +/- 9 months for patients with nonmucinous carcinomas (P =.0002). Our findings suggest that mucinous and nonmucinous carcinomas of appendix have similar genetic alterations, but different clinical presentation and prognosis.
Department of Pathology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA.