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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 76

of 'Cancer of the appendix and pseudomyxoma peritonei'

A 25-year review of adenocarcinoma of the appendix. A frequently perforating carcinoma.
Cerame MA
Dis Colon Rectum. 1988;31(2):145.
A study was undertaken to compare the age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, and operative findings of patients who had adenocarcinoma of the appendix with patients who had adenocarcinoma of the colon. The study consisted of an analysis of 316 case reports and collective reviews of adenocarcinoma of the appendix that were reported in the literature between 1960 and 1985. The mean age of patients with this disease was 57.1 years and the male-to-female ratio for adenocarcinoma of the appendix was 1.4:1. Only rarely was a malignancy suspected, as 68 percent of the patients presented with signs and symptoms of inflammatory disease of the appendix. The tumor was perforated in 55 percent of patients, making it the most frequently perforating carcinoma of the entire gastrointestinal tract. One half of these perforations were localized as abscesses. The presence of perforation did not necessarily predispose a poor prognosis. Synchronous appendiceal and other colonic neoplasms occurred in 2.7 percent of patients. Pseudomyxoma peritonei occurred as a presenting feature in 5.6 percent of patients and was generally a poor prognostic indicator. Carcinomatosis peritonei was found at initial exploration in 10.3 percent of patients and these patients rarely survived one year.
Department of Surgery, St. Elizabeth Hospital Medical Center, Youngstown, Ohio 44501.