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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 5

of 'Breast conserving therapy'

5
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Long-term results of a randomized trial comparing breast-conserving therapy with mastectomy: European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10801 trial.
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van Dongen JA, Voogd AC, Fentiman IS, Legrand C, Sylvester RJ, Tong D, van der Schueren E, Helle PA, van Zijl K, Bartelink H
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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000;92(14):1143.
 
BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving therapy (BCT) has been shown to be as effective as mastectomy in the treatment of tumors 2 cm or smaller. However, evidence of its efficacy, over the long term, in patients with tumors larger than 2 cm is limited. From May 1980 to May 1986, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer carried out a randomized, multicenter trial comparing BCT with modified radical mastectomy for patients with tumors up to 5 cm. In this analysis, we investigated whether the treatments resulted in different overall survival, time to distant metastasis, or time to locoregional recurrence.
METHODS: Of 868 eligible breast cancer patients randomly assigned to the BCT arm or to the modified radical mastectomy arm, 80% had a tumor of 2.1-5 cm. BCT comprised lumpectomy with an attempted margin of 1 cm of healthy tissue and complete axillary clearance, followed by radiotherapy to the breast and a supplementary dose to the tumor bed. The median follow-up was 13.4 years. All P values are two-sided.
RESULTS: At 10 years, there was no difference between the two groups in overall survival (66% for the mastectomy patients and 65% for the BCT patients; P =.11) or in their distant metastasis-free rates (66% for the mastectomy patients and 61% for the BCT patients; P =.24). The rate of locoregional recurrence (occurring before or at the same time as distant metastasis) at 10 years did show a statistically significant difference (12% of the mastectomy and 20% of the BCT patients; P =. 01).
CONCLUSIONS: BCT and mastectomy demonstrate similar survival rates in a trial in which the great majority of the patients had stage II breast cancer.
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Department of Surgery, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam.
PMID