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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 107

of 'Barrett's esophagus: Surveillance and management'

Systematic review comparing radiofrequency ablation and complete endoscopic resection in treating dysplastic Barrett's esophagus: a critical assessment of histologic outcomes and adverse events.
Chadwick G, Groene O, Markar SR, Hoare J, Cromwell D, Hanna GB
Gastrointest Endosc. 2014;79(5):718.
BACKGROUND: With recent advances in endoscopy, endoscopic techniques have surpassed esophagectomy in the treatment of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE).
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of complete EMR and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of dysplastic BE.
DESIGN: Systematic review of literature.
PATIENTS: Diagnosis of BE with high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal cancer.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Complete eradication of dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia at the end of treatment and after>12 months' follow-up. Adverse event rates associated with treatment.
RESULTS: A total of 22 studies met the inclusion criteria. Only 1 trial directly compared the 2 techniques; most studies were observational case series. Dysplasia was effectively eradicated at the end of treatment in 95% of patients after complete EMR and 92% after RFA. After a median follow-up of 23 months for complete EMR and 21 months for RFA, eradication of dysplasia was maintained in 95% of patients treated with complete EMR and 94% treated with RFA. Short-term adverse events were seen in 12% of patients treated with complete EMR but in only 2.5% of those treated with RFA. Esophageal strictures were adverse events in 38% of patients treated with complete EMR, compared with 4% of those treated with RFA. Progression to cancer appeared to be rare after treatment, although follow-up was short.
LIMITATIONS: Small studies, heterogeneous in design, with variable outcome measures. Also follow-up durations were short, limiting evaluation of long-term durability of both treatments.
CONCLUSION: RFA and complete EMR are equally effective in the short-term treatment of dysplastic BE, but adverse event rates are higher with complete EMR.
Clinical Effectiveness Unit, The Royal College of Surgeons of England, London, United Kingdom.