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Bariatric surgery: Postoperative and long-term management of the uncomplicated patient

Author
Giselle Hamad, MD
Section Editor
Daniel Jones, MD
Deputy Editor
Wenliang Chen, MD, PhD

INTRODUCTION

Obesity, a chronic illness identified in children, adolescents, and adults, has reached epidemic proportions worldwide [1-4]. In the United States alone, more than one-third of adults and 17 percent of youth are obese [5-7], and the rate of obesity has more than doubled since 1990 [8,9]. However, the United States only ranks 18th on the global scale of obesity [10].

Bariatric surgery, a commonly performed procedure in the United States [11], remains the most effective method of weight loss and can result in partial or complete resolution of multiple obesity-related comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and obstructive sleep apnea [12].

The immediate postoperative care for the uncomplicated postsurgical patient and outpatient management of all bariatric surgical patients will be discussed in this topic. The indications and types of bariatric procedures, complications, management of complicated postoperative patients (eg, multiple or refractory comorbidities) in the intensive care unit, and outcomes are reviewed separately:

(See "Bariatric procedures for the management of severe obesity: Descriptions".)

(See "Bariatric operations: Perioperative morbidity and mortality".)

                      
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Literature review current through: Sep 2017. | This topic last updated: Sep 06, 2017.
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