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Balanoposthitis: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment

Matthew Tews, DO
Jonathan I Singer, MD
Section Editors
Gary R Fleisher, MD
Laurence S Baskin, MD, FAAP
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH


This topic will address the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of balanoposthitis in children. Epidemiology and pathogenesis of this condition and normal development of the uncircumcised penis are discussed separately. (See "Balanoposthitis in children: Epidemiology and pathogenesis" and "Care of the uncircumcised penis in infants and children".)


Balanoposthitis describes inflammation of the glans penis and the foreskin (prepuce) in uncircumcised males (picture 1 and picture 2).


History — Common symptoms in patients with balanoposthitis include genital itching, genital irritation and pain, penile discharge, groin rash, and dysuria [1-3]. In infants, penile inflammation may be the cause of excessive crying.

Other symptoms include:

For uncircumcised prepubertal boys, there may be inability to retract the foreskin to the extent possible prior to the illness.

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Literature review current through: Sep 2017. | This topic last updated: Sep 19, 2017.
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