Hanson JM, McGregor JA, Hillier SL, Eschenbach DA, Kreutner AK, Galask RP, Martens M
To compare the efficacy and safety of 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel with oral metronidazole for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV).
Nonpregnant women with BV were enrolled in a multicenter, randomized, investigator-blind treatment trial. Patients were randomly assigned to either 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel (5 g twice daily for five days) or oral metronidazole (500 mg twice daily for seven days). Follow-up visits occurred approximately two and five weeks after initiation of therapy.
BV was clinically eliminated at the first follow-up visit in 83.7% (36/43, 95% CI 72.3-95.1%) of the intravaginal group and 85.1% (40/47, 95% CI 74.6-95.6%) of the oral group. At the final visit, BV was eliminated in 70.7% (29/41, 95% CI 56.3-85.1%) of the intravaginal group and 71.1% (32/45, 95% CI 57.4-84.8%) of the oral group. Significantly more patients in the oral treatment group (51.8%) reported gastrointestinal complaints as compared to the intravaginal treatment group (32.7%, P = .04).
The efficacy of 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel twice daily for five days in treating BV was similar to that of standard oral metronidazole treatment and was associated with fewer gastrointestinal complaints.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA.