McCormack WM, Covino JM, Thomason JL, Eschenbach DA, Mou S, Kapernick P, McGregor J, Rein MF, Hillier SL
Triple sulfonamide vaginal cream has been used to treat bacterial vaginosis for many years. There are few studies in which triple sulfonamide cream has been compared with newer regimens.
To compare the efficacy and safety of clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream with that of triple sulfonamide vaginal cream in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis.
In this double-blind, randomized multicenter study, nonpregnant women 16 years of age or older with symptomatic bacterial vaginosis were assigned to receive either 2% clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream or triple sulfonamide vaginal cream for 7 days. Follow-up visits were conducted 5 to 10 days and 25 to 39 days after completion of treatment.
Clinical cure or improvement at 25 to 39 days was noted in 55 (69.6%) of 79 assessable participants who received clindamycin vaginal cream and in 33 (41.8%) of 79 women who received triple sulfonamide vaginal cream (P<0.0001). Most of the difference between the treatment groups was noted in women with a history of bacterial vaginosis. Among women without a history of bacterial vaginosis, clindamycin and triple sulfonamide creams had similar efficacy. Evaluation of Gram-stained vaginal smears correlated with clinical outcome. Most patients in both treatment groups reported an improvement in symptoms. No significant difference was observed between the treatment groups in the incidence of adverse events.
Clindamycin 2% vaginal cream is more effective than triple sulfonamide vaginal cream in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis.
Department of Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.