Autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents: Overview of management
- Laura Weissman, MD
Laura Weissman, MD
- Instructor in Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Carolyn Bridgemohan, MD
Carolyn Bridgemohan, MD
- Section Editor — Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
- Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Section Editors
- Marilyn Augustyn, MD
Marilyn Augustyn, MD
- Section Editor — Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
- Associate Professor
- Boston University School of Medicine
- Marc C Patterson, MD, FRACP
Marc C Patterson, MD, FRACP
- Section Editor — Pediatric Neurology
- Professor of Neurology, Pediatrics, and Medical Genetics
- Chair, Division of Child and Adolescent Neurology
- Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a biologically based neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in two major domains: 1) deficits in social communication and social interaction and 2) restricted repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities . ASD encompasses disorders previously known as autistic disorder (classic autism, sometimes called early infantile autism, childhood autism, or Kanner's autism), childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified, and Asperger disorder (also known as Asperger syndrome). (See "Autism spectrum disorder: Diagnosis", section on 'Diagnostic criteria' and "Asperger syndrome (a specific autism spectrum disorder): Clinical features and diagnosis in children and adolescents" and "Asperger syndrome (a specific autism spectrum disorder): Management and prognosis in children and adolescents".)
This topic will provide an overview of the treatment of ASD. Related topics are presented separately:To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- GENERAL PRINCIPLES
- Early intervention
- Specialist involvement
- Treatment setting
- TREATMENT MODALITIES
- Behavioral and educational interventions
- Psychopharmacologic interventions
- Complementary and alternative therapies
- ROLE OF THE PRIMARY CARE PROVIDER
- Early identification
- Medical home
- - Office visits
- - Routine care
- - Surveillance for comorbidities
- - Access to care
- Family support
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS