Contents Authors and Editors Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
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Authors and Editors in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Editors-in-Chief



Peter J Barnes, DM, DSc, FRCP, FRS
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Asthma
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Polly E Parsons, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Critical Care
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

Deputy Editors



Geraldine Finlay, MD
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • Associate Professor
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Helen Hollingsworth, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Section Editors



Peter J Barnes, DM, DSc, FRCP, FRS
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Asthma
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London

V Courtney Broaddus, MD
  • Section Editor — Pleural Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Kevin R Flaherty, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Scott Manaker, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Critical Care
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jess Mandel, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Praveen N Mathur, MB;BS
  • Section Editor — Interventional Pulmonology
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Nestor L Muller, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Imaging
  • Professor of Radiology
  • University of British Columbia

Andrew Nicholson, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Pathology
  • Professor of Respiratory Pathology
  • Imperial College School of Medicine, London

Polly E Parsons, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Critical Care
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

James K Stoller, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Jean Wall Bennett Professor of Medicine, Samson Global Leadership Academy Endowed Chair
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chairman, Education Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Elbert P Trulock, MD
  • Section Editor — Lung Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Editorial Assistants



Stephanie C Jones, MSc
  • Development Editor — UpToDate

Authors



Loutfi Sami Aboussouan, MD
  • Staff
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Lisa V Adams, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Sandra G Adams, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical

Ian M Adcock, FSB
  • Professor of Cell & Molecular Biology, Airways Disease Section
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London

Rohit Aggarwal, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
  • University of Pittsburgh

Vineet Ahuja, MD, DM
  • Professor of Gastroenterology
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

Vivek N Ahya, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Praveen Akuthota, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Diego

Barbara D Alexander, MD, MHS
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Duke University School of Medicine

Patrick C Alguire, MD, FACP
  • Senior Vice President Emeritus for Medical Education
  • American College of Physicians

Tarek Alhamad, MD, MS, FACP, FASN
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Asif Ali, MD
  • University of Texas Health Science Center
  • Cardiovascular Medicine

Gilman B Allen, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Medicine, University of Vermont

Richard F Ambinder, MD, PhD
  • James B Murphy Professor of Oncology
  • Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, MD
  • Professor
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Gerald B Appel, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Andrea J Apter, MD, MSc, MA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Section of Allergy & Immunology, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Adi Aran, MD
  • Neuropediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center
  • Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel

Donna L Arand, PhD
  • Research Associate Professor
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Selim M Arcasoy, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Columbia University School of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Lung Transplantation Program

Donald M Arnold, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • McMaster University

Robert M Arnold, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Palliative Care
  • Section Editor — General Principles of Palliative Care
  • Chief, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Isabelle Arnulf, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Paris, France

Julian M Aroesty, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Stanley W Ashley, MD
  • Section Editor — Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Surgery
  • Chief Medical Officer and Senior Vice President for Clinical Affairs
  • Brigham and Women’s Hospital
  • Frank Sawyer Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Jon C Aster, MD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Harvard Medical School

Dennis Auckley, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Case Western Reserve University (MetroHealth Medical Center)

Phyllis August, MD, MPH
  • Ralph A Baer, MD Professor of Research in Medicine
  • Director, Hypertension Center
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

Michael Avidan, MD
  • Section Editor — Surgical Critical Care
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Washington University School of Medicine

John R Bach, MD
  • Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

John W Baddley, MD, MSPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Birmingham VA Medical Center
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

M Safwan Badr, MD
  • Section Editor — Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
  • Professor and Chief, Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Remzi Bag, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Chicago Medicine

Jasmohan S Bajaj, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire VA Medical Center

Elizabeth H Baldini, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
  • Harvard Medical School

Marie R Baldisseri, MD, FCCM
  • Professor of Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Robert A Balk, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rush-University Medical Center

Ronald C Balkissoon, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Health Sciences Center

Rasheed A Balogun, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Jeffrey D Band, MD, FACP, FIDSA
  • Attending Physician, Section of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine
  • Beaumont Hospital-Royal Oak, MI
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine

Anindo K Banerjee, PhD, FRCP
  • Consultant Respiratory Physician
  • Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK

Alan F Barker, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Kathleen C Barnes, PhD
  • Director, Biomedical Informatics and Personalized Medicine Center and Division
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Peter J Barnes, DM, DSc, FRCP, FRS
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Asthma
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London

Frederick E Barr, MD
  • Robert H Fiser Professor and Chair of Pediatrics
  • Arkansas Children's Hospital
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Fermin Barrueto, Jr, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, FACMT
  • Clinical Associate Professor
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

John G Bartlett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — HIV; Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Robert Bartlett, MD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Michigan Health Systems

Robert C Basner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Kenneth A Bauer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Stephen G Baum, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Microbiology, and Immunology
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Cassandra Bellamy, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Medical Intensive Care Unit
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Lisa M Bellini, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania Medical Center

Maria G Belvisi, PhD
  • Professor of Respiratory Pharmacology
  • National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London

James R Berenson, MD
  • Medical and Scientific Director
  • Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research

Sten-Erik Bergström, MD
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Children's Hospital Astrid Lindgren
  • Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm

Jeffrey S Berman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
  • Director, Sarcoidosis Center, Boston Medical Center

John Bernardo, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Research Professor of Biochemistry
  • Boston University School of Medicine

David I Bernstein, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine and Environmental Health
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Mark F Berry, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Stanford University

Sangeeta Bhorade, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Medical Director, Lung Transplant Program
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Steven Bird, MD, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Edward A Bittner, MD, PhD, MSEd, FCCM
  • Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert M Black, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical Center

James H Black, III, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Johns Hopkins University

Michael Bodmer, MD, MSc
  • Division of General Internal Medicine
  • Bern University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Pharmacoepidemiology Unit, Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

Guy Boivin, MD
  • Professor of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
  • Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval

Michael H Bonnet, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Neurology
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Susan E Boruchoff, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Louis-Philippe Boulet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Laval University

Edward W Boyer, MD, PhD
  • Director of Academic Development
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

D Craig Brater, MD
  • Emeritus Dean, Indiana University School of Medicine
  • Vice President for Programs, Regenstrief Foundation

Jeffrey A Breall, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Renal Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Johns Hopkins Medical School

V Courtney Broaddus, MD
  • Section Editor — Pleural Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Kevin K Brown, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Health, University of Colorado

Lee K Brown, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of New Mexico School of Medicine

Nicholas A Buckley, MD, FRACP
  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacology
  • University of Sydney Medical School
  • Clinical Toxicologist
  • Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Michael J Burns, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alfred Buxton, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Clinical Electrophysiology Laboratory
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Lauren A Byers, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Caroline Bérubé, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine (Hematology)
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Stephen B Calderwood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology)
  • Harvard Medical School

Louis R Caplan, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrés Cárdenas, MD, MMSc, AGAF
  • Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metaboliques
  • Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
  • University of Barcelona

Shamus Carr, MD, FACS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Tara F Carr, MD, FAAAAI
  • Assistant Professor, Medicine and Otolaryngology
  • Department of Medicine, University of Arizona

Joseph P Carrozza, MD
  • Vice President
  • Steward Cardiovascular Network
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Jeffrey L Carson, MD
  • Provost, New Brunswick Rutgers Biomedical Health Sciences, Rutgers University
  • Richard C Reynolds Professor of Medicine
  • Vice Chair, Research
  • Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Rick Carter, PhD, MBA
  • Professor
  • Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

André Cartier, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Montreal Medical School, Canada

Thomas B Casale, MD
  • Executive Vice President, American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of South Florida

Keith L Cavanaugh, MD, FAAP, FCCP
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor
  • University of Minnesota

Bartolome R Celli, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard University School of Medicine

Alessandro Ceschi, MD
  • Head Division of Science
  • Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Elizabeth Chaitin, DHCE
  • Assistant Professor, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics Services
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Julio A Chalela, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Edward D Chan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Health

Dipak Chandy, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Neurology
  • New York Medical College

Daniel Chernoff, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor in Radiology
  • Albany Medical Center

Ronald D Chervin, MD, MS
  • Editor-in-Chief — Sleep Medicine
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Sleep Medicine
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Michigan

Albert T Cheung, MD
  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Amit Chopra, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Albany Medical Center

Sanjiv Chopra, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Section Editor — General Hepatology; Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Senior Consultant in Hepatology
  • James Tullis Firm Chief
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Tushar A Chopra, MD
  • Assistant Professor Of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Gabriel Choukroun, MD, PhD
  • Head of Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation Department
  • CHU Amiens and Picardie University

Kent L Christopher, MD, RRT, FCCP, FAARC
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Jason Chu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Frances Chung, MBBS, FRCPC
  • Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
  • University Health Network
  • University of Toronto

Chiara Cirelli, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • U Wisconsin-Madison

Peter A Cistulli, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
  • ResMed Chair in Sleep Medicine
  • University of Sydney & Royal North Shore Hospital

Peter F Clardy, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Joannes Clerinx, MD, DTM
  • Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp

Gilles Clermont, MDCM, MSc
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Megan B Clowse, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Division of Rheumatology and Immunology

Felipe B Collares, MD
  • Instructor in Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy Collop, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Sleep Medicine
  • Section Editor — Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine and Neurology
  • Director, Emory Sleep Center, Emory University

Henri G Colt, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California Irvine

Wilson S Colucci, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Michelle V Conde, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Texas Health Science Center
  • San Antonio

Carlyne D Cool, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Medical and Research Center
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Pathology
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Timothy P Cooley, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Ramon Corbalan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cardiovascular Division
  • Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Anthony J Courey, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Steven Coutre, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University Medical School

Ethan Cowan, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology & Population Health
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Robert S Crausman, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Brown University

Brett L Cucchiara, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania Medical Center

Adam Cuker, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Assistant Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania

Antonio Culebras, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Upstate Medical University

Larry Culpepper, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

J Randall Curtis, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Donald Cutlip, MD
  • Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Marcelo Cypel, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Thoracic Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Sonye Danoff, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Sch

Justus de Zeeuw, MD
  • Wuppertal, Germany

Brian S Decker, MD, PharmD
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University Department of Medicine

Mark E Deffebach, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Daniel Deheinzelin, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Advanced Center of Thoracic Diseases, Hospital Sirio e Libanes

Paul F Dellaripa, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Elizabeth G Demicco, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Pathology
  • The Mount Sinai Hospital

Shoma Desai, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • LAC and USC Medical Center

Rajiv Dhand, MD, FCCP, FACP, FAARC
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine

Jodie Dionne-Odom, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Raphael Dolin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Pamela S Douglas, MD
  • Ursula Geller Professor of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

James D Douketis, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP
  • Professor, Department of Medicine
  • McMaster University

Jayme Dowdall, MD
  • Instructor, Department of Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark T Dransfield, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Richard H Drew, PharmD, MS, FCCP, FIDP
  • Professor, Campbell University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
  • Associate Professor and Clinical Pharmacist, Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

Reed E Drews, MD
  • Section Editor — Complications of Cancer
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Frank W Drislane, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Damian E Dupuy, MD
  • Director of Tumor Ablation
  • Rhode Island Hospital
  • Professor of Diagnostic Imaging
  • Brown Medical School

Raed A Dweik, MD, FACP, FCCP, FRCP(C), FCCM, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

Brent M Egan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of South Carolina School of Medicine-Greenville
  • Chief Science Officer, Care Coordination Institute

April F Eichler, MD, MPH
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Neurology and Sleep Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

William J Elliott, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Head, Division of Pharmacology
  • Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences
  • Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences, Yakima, WA

Michael Emmett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Chief of Internal Medicine
  • Baylor University Medical Center

Scott K Epstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Uta Erdbruegger, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia

Karen A Fagan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Chief, Division f Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of South Alabama

Ronald J Falk, MD
  • Nan and Hugh Cullman Eminent Professor of Nephrology
  • Chair, Department of Medicine
  • Director, UNC Kidney Center
  • University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

James C Fang, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Utah

Christopher H Fanta, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Harrison W Farber, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Peter F Fedullo, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego Medical Center

Alan Fein, MD
  • Director, Center for Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • North Shore University Hospital

Steven H Feinsilver, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine

Thomas Fekete, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Microbiology
  • Temple University School of Medicine

Darren Feldman, MD
  • Assistant Attending Physician,
  • Department of Medicine,
  • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Assistant Professor in Medicine,
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

David J Feller-Kopman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital

Gary T Ferguson, MD
  • Director, Pulmonary Research Institute of Southeast Michigan

Stephen J Ferzoco, MD
  • Lecturer, Department of Surgery
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Thomas M File, Jr, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University

David Filsoof, MD
  • Physician
  • Cedars Sinai Heart Institute

Michael J Fine, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh and VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Geraldine Finlay, MD
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • Associate Professor
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Jay A Fishman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Director, Transplant Infectious Disease and Compromised Host Program
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Kevin R Flaherty, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Patricia M Flynn, MD
  • Member, Department of Infectious Diseases
  • St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee, Memphis

Andrew Fontenot, MD
  • Henry N. Claman Professor of Medicine, Division Head, Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • University of Colorado, School of Medicine

Joseph Francis, Jr, MD, MPH
  • Deputy Chief Improvement and Analytics Officer
  • Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC

Robert P Frantz, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Neil Freedman, MD
  • Head, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology
  • North Shore University Health System

Joy L Fridey, MD
  • Regional Medical Director
  • American Red Cross Blood Services, Southern California

Jonathan W Friedberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • James P Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester

Gerald Friedland, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Yale University

Lawrence S Friedman, MD
  • Section Editor — General Gastroenterology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Lloyd N Friedman, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine
  • Chief Operating Officer and Vice President, Medical Affairs, Milford Hospital

Scott L Friedman, MD
  • Fishberg Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Michael D Frye, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Barry Fuchs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Daniel E Furst, MD
  • Section Editor — Treatment Issues in Rheumatology
  • Clinical professor, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Clinical professor, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
  • Professor of Rheumatology, University of California in Los Angeles (Emeritus)
  • Director of Research, Pacific Arthritis Associates

David F Gaieski, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University

Rajesh T Gandhi, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Ganetsky, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Leonard I Ganz, MD, FHRS, FACC
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Heritage Valley Health System

David A Garcia, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Edward R Garrity, MD, MBA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago

Eric Garshick, MD, MOH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Peter C Gay, MD
  • Professor Of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Robert Gaynes, MD
  • Professor, Emory University School of Medicine
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

James N George, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Lynn B Gerald, PhD, MSPH
  • Endowed Chair and Professor
  • Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona

Mark Gestring, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery, Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine

Scott Gettinger, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine
  • Yale Cancer Center

Giuseppe Giaccone, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medical Oncology and Pharmacology
  • Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University

Elsa-Grace Giardina, MD, MS, FACC, FACP, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Center for Women’s Health
  • Columbia University Medical Center

C Michael Gibson, MS, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas R Gildea, MD, MS
  • Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine and Transplant Center
  • Cleveland Clinic

Adrian G Gillissen, MD, PhD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Ermstalklinik, Department: Med. Klinik III / Pulmonary Medicine

Michael M Givertz, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Bonnie S Glisson, MD, FACP
  • Professor and Associate Chair
  • Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology
  • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Eric Goldberg, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Ary L Goldberger, MD
  • Section Editor — Electrocardiography
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Cathy A Goldstein, MD
  • Section Editor — Circadian Rhythm Disorders
  • Assistant Professor, Neurology
  • University of Michigan Sleep Disorders Center

James A Goldstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oakland University William Beaumont Hospital School of Medicine

Thomas A Golper, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

David Goltzman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • McGill University
  • Senior Physician, Division of Endocrinology and Department of Medicine
  • McGill University Health Centre

Kaoru Goshima, MD
  • Associate Professor, Surgery
  • University of Arizona Health Sciences Center

James R Gossage, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Augusta University

Michael K Gould, MD, MS
  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Director for Health Services Research
  • Department of Research and Evaluation
  • Kaiser Permanente Southern California

Praveen Govender, MB Bch
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
  • Associate Director Sarcoidosis Center, Boston Medical Center

Barney S Graham, MD, PhD
  • Deputy Director
  • Viral Pathogenesis Research
  • Bethesda, MD

Amy L Graziani, PharmD
  • Associate Professor in Pharmacy, Adjunct Faculty
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA

Michael A Gropper, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care
  • University of California, San Francisco

Aditi Gupta, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Nishant Gupta, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati

Indira Gurubhagavatula, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor, Division of Sleep Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Ramsey R Hachem, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Ian P Hall, MD
  • Professor in Molecular Medicine
  • University Hospital, Nottingham, UK

Matthew Hallman, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • U of Washington Dept of Anesthesiology

Robert Hallowell, MD
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Margaret R Hammerschlag, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • SUNY Downstate Medical Center

MeiLan King Han, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Nasser Hanna, MD
  • Indiana University

Susan M Harding, MD, FCCP, AGAF
  • Section Editor — Diagnostic Testing
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City

Kohei Hasegawa, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Paul Hassoun, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University

David L Hayes, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Michele Heath, LP, CCP
  • Perfusionist
  • Durham VA Medical Center

John E Heffner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University
  • Providence Portland Medical Center

Josh H Heinzerling, MD
  • Radiation Oncologist
  • Southeast Radiation Oncology
  • Charlotte, North Carolina

Leslie Hendeles, PharmD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Florida

Katherine P Hendra, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Robert G Hendrickson, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
  • Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center
  • Oregon Health and Science University

William L Henrich, MD, MACP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • President of the Health Science Center
  • University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine

Elizabeth Henske, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Felix JF Herth, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Heidelberg

Dean Hess, RRT, PhD
  • Teaching Associate
  • Harvard Medical School

John R Hess, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Daren K Heyland, MD, FRCPC, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Queen's University, Ontario, Canada

Scott K Heysell, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor, Infectious Diseases and International Health
  • University of Virginia

Patricia L Hibberd, MD, PhD
  • Chair, Department of Global Health
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Jorge Hidalgo, MD
  • Professor of Critical Care; Chief, Divison of Critical Care
  • Karl Heusner Memorial Hospital/Belize Healthcare Partners

John Higgins, MD, MBA, MPHIL, FACC, FAHA, FACP, FACSM, FASNC
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)

Nicholas S Hill, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Irl B Hirsch, MD
  • Section Editor — Diabetes Mellitus
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Judith S Hochman, MD
  • Harold Snyder Family Professor of Cardiology
  • New York University School of Medicine

Robert J Hoffman, MD
  • Qatar Poison Center
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Sidra Medical and Research Center

Robert S Hoffman, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Director, Division of Medical Toxicology, Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Helen Hollingsworth, MD
  • Deputy Editor — Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Munther K Homoud, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

William Hopkins, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

C Robert Horsburgh, Jr, MD, MUS
  • Professor of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Medicine
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Michael Howell, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

John T Huggins, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Russell D Hull, MBBS, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Calgary, Canada

Linda Humphrey, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health and Preventive Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Robert C Hyzy, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Michael Ieong, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

David H Ingbar, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota School of Medicine

Lesley A Inker, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Silvio E Inzucchi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Charles G Irvin, PhD, FERS
  • Professor
  • University of Vermont Department of Medicine

Richard S Irwin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Koto Ishida, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • NYU Medical Center

Shaheen Islam, MD, MPH, FCCP
  • Professor
  • Ohio State University Medical Center

Michael G Ison, MD, MS
  • Professor, Divisions of Infectious Diseases and Organ Transplantation
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Elliot Israel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Theodore Iwashyna, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan
  • Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor VA

Bertrand L Jaber, MD, MS, FASN
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Teresa L Jacobs, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery and Neurology
  • University of Michigan Hospitals and Health Center

Allan S Jaffe, MD
  • Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Daisy Janssen, MD, PhD
  • Research coordinator, Centre of Expertise for Palliative care
  • Maastricht University Medical Centre

Dawn Jaroszewski, MD, MBA, FACS
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Mayo Clinic Arizona

James R Jett, MD
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Professor of Medicine Emeritus
  • National Jewish Health

Douglas C Johnson, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Nicholas J Johnson, MD
  • Acting Assistant Professor
  • Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington

Jose Joseph-Vempilly, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UCSF, Fresno

Martin F Joyce-Brady, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, The Pulmonary Center
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Brooke G Judd, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Psychiatry (Sleep Medicine) and Medicine
  • Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Christopher Kabrhel, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert M Kacmarek, PhD, RRT
  • Professor of Anesthesia
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronaldo A Kairalla, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor - Pulmonary Division
  • University of São Paulo, Brazil

Larry R Kaiser, MD
  • President and CEO, Temple University Health System
  • Sr. Executive Vice President for Health Sciences, Temple University
  • Dean, Temple University School of Medicine

Sujani Kakumanu, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin Medical School and Public Health
  • Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital

Gregory P Kalemkerian, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Co-Director, Thoracic Oncology
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Raghu Kalluri, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Cancer Biology
  • Chair, Department of Cancer Biology
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Robert J Kaner, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Souha S Kanj, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Head, Division of Infectious Diseases,
  • Chairperson, Infection Control Program
  • American University of Beirut Medical Center

Philip W Kantoff, MD
  • Section Editor — Testicular Cancer
  • Chairman of Medicine
  • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Andre A Kaplan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Connecticut Health Center

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Siddhartha G Kapnadak, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Vishesh K Kapur, MD, MPH
  • Professor and Director of Sleep Medicine, Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington
  • Co-Director, UW Medicine Sleep Center

Anoop Karippot, MD, FAASM
  • Medical Director
  • AKANE Institute of Allergy Asthma and Sleep Medicine

Jill P Karpel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Scott E Kasner, MD
  • Section Editor — Stroke
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Julie P Katkin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Carol A Kauffman, MD
  • Section Editor — Fungal Infections
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical School
  • Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System

David A Kaufman, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • NYU School of Medicine

Steven M Kawut, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology, Director, Pulmonary Vascular Disease Program
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Clive Kearon, MB, MRCP(I), FRCP(C), PhD
  • Jack Hirsh Professorship in Thromboembolism
  • Department of Medicine, McMaster University

Robert L Keith, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Cancer Biology
  • Associate Chief of Staff
  • Research, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine
  • Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center
  • University of Colorado Cancer Center
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

T Barry Kelleher, MD, FRCPI
  • Consultant Gastroenterologist
  • Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Mark A Kelley, MD, MACP
  • Visiting Scholar, Harvard Business School
  • Physician, Pulmonary-Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital

Karen Kelly, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California Davis Cancer Center

Harold L Kennedy, MD, MPH
  • Adjunctive Professor of Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases
  • University of Missouri School of Medicine

David G Kern, MD
  • Maine VA Medical Center
  • Augusta, Maine

Shaf Keshavjee, MD, MSc, FRCSC, FACS
  • Professor, Division of Thoracic Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Douglas Kirsch, MD, FAASM
  • Clinical Associate Professor
  • UNC School of Medicine

Steven Kleinman, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Clinical Professor of Pathology
  • University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Lewis R Kline, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Temple University School of Medicine

James R Klinger, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Elizabeth S Klings, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Amy D Klion, MD
  • Baltimore, MD

Marin H Kollef, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Scott E Kopec, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical Center

Daryl J Kor, MD
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Mayo Clinic

Peter Kotanko, MD
  • Docent of Internal Medicine
  • Innsbruck Medical University, Austria
  • Research Director
  • Renal Research Institute, New York

Robert M Kotloff, MD
  • Chairman, Department of Pulmonary Medicine
  • Respiratory Institute Cleveland Clinic

Eugene C Kovalik, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Naomi R Kramer, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Jonathan B Kruskal, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Kidney Disease
  • Professor of Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

Meir H Kryger, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University

Anupam Kumar, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care
  • Spectrum Health-Michigan State University College of Human Medicine

Kapil Kumar, MD
  • Clinical Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Shana Kusin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Roger J Laham, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Tanya M Laidlaw, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Fiona R Lake, MD, FRACP
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • University of Western Australia

Roberto M Lang, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago

Paul A Lange, MD
  • Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine

Alfred A Lardizabal, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • New Jersey Medical School

Anne M Larson, MD, FACP, FAASLD, AGAF
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Clinic Chief
  • UW Medicine/NWH Hepatology
  • Northwest Hospital and Medical Center

Richard A Larson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Leukemia
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Lorriana Leard, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Julia Kim LeBlanc, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
  • Section Editor — Travel Medicine
  • Head of Infectious Diseases Unit
  • Monash University, Australia

Richard H Lee, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California

Won Lee, MD
  • Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Medical Director, Sleep and Breathing Disorders Center
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

YC Gary Lee, MBChB, PhD
  • Professor of Respiratory Medicine
  • University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Robert F Lemanske, Jr, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health at Madison, WI

Catherine Lemière, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Montreal Medical School

John M Leonard, MD
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University

Lawrence LK Leung, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Disorders of Hemostasis and Coagulation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Barbara LeVarge, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

Thomas Levin, MD
  • Advocate Heart Institute
  • Advocate Medical Group
  • Oak Lawn, Illinois

Martin M LeWinter, MD
  • Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
  • Professor of Medicine and Molecular Physiology and Biophysics
  • University of Vermont

Gregory D Lewis, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Orfeas Liangos, MD, FASN
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Richard W Light, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Rogerio C Lilenbaum, MD, FACP
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Yale Cancer Center

Andrew H Limper, MD
  • Professor of Pulmonary Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

A Michael Lincoff, MD
  • Director, Center for Clinical Research
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University

Mark S Link, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

Gregory YH Lip, MD, FRCPE, FESC, FACC
  • Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine
  • The University of Birmingham, UK

Gregg Lipschik, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Augusto A Litonjua, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Golisano Children's Hospital of University of Rochester Medical Center

Leslie A Litzky, MD
  • Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania Medical Center

Mark Liu, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Joseph LoCicero, III, MD, FCCP
  • Professor of Surgery Emeritus
  • SUNY Downstate

Billy W Loo Jr., MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor and Thoracic Radiation Oncology Program Leader
  • Stanford University

Gregory M Lucas, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

David J Lucier, MD, MBA, MPH, CPPS
  • Instructor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Assistant in Medicine, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Director of Quality and Patient Safety for Hospital Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital

Andrew M Luks, MD
  • Professor - Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • Department of Medicine, University of Washington

Gary Maartens, MBChB, MMed
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cape Town, South Africa

Michael S Machuzak, MD
  • Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic

Graeme MacLaren, MBBS, FCICM, FRACP, FCCM
  • Critical care physician
  • National University Hospital, Singapore
  • The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

J Mark Madison, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Physiological Systems
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Colm C Magee, MD, MPH, FRCPI
  • Clinical Lecturer in Medicine
  • Royal College of Surgeons

Lisa A Maier, MD
  • Professor, National Jewish Health
  • Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Department of Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver

Adnan Majid, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Barry Make, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
  • Co-Director, COPD Program, National Jewish Health

Fabien Maldonado, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Atul Malhotra, MD
  • Kenneth M Moser Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Andrew Malone, MB, BCh, MRCPI
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
  • Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine

Scott Manaker, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Critical Care
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jordi Mancebo, MD
  • Associate Professor, Servei de Medicina Intensiva
  • Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain

Jess Mandel, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Johannes FE Mann, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Friedrich Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • International Scholar, Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Canada

Warren J Manning, MD
  • Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
  • Professor of Medicine and Radiology
  • Harvard Medical School

David M Mannino, MD
  • Director, Pulmonary Epidemiology Research Laboratory
  • University of Kentucky School of Medicine

Antonis S Manolis, MD
  • Professor of Cardiology
  • Athens University School of Medicine

Joseph E Marine, MD, FACC, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Associate Director of Electrophysiology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Donald W Marion, MD
  • Senior Consultant
  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center

Thomas J Marrie, MD
  • Dean Emeritus
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Dalhousie University

Kathryn A Martin, MD
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Endocrinology and Patient Education
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Niels Martin, MD, FACS, FCCM
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania's School of Medicine

Richard J Martin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Thomas J Martin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Tech-Carilion School of Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Edward Via Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Virginia School of Medicine

Fernando J Martinez, MD, MS
  • Bruce Webster Professor of Medicine
  • Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College

Kiran Maski, MD
  • Instructor, Harvard Medical School
  • Clinician in Sleep and Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital

Barbara M Mathes, MD, FACP, FAAD
  • Clinical Associate, Dermatology
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Secretary Treasurer
  • American Academy of Dermatology

Melissa Mattison, MD, SFHM
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Addison K May, MD
  • Professor of Surgery and Anesthesiology
  • University of Vanderbilt Medical Center, Nashville

Paul Mayo, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

Jennifer W McCallister, MD, FACP, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Internal Medicine
  • The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Francis X McCormack, MD
  • Taylor Professor and Director, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
  • Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Cincinnati School of Medicine

Meredith C McCormack, MD, MHS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Pulmonary Function Laboratory Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Johns Hopkins University

W. Joseph McCune, MD, MACR
  • Michael H and Marcia S Klein Professor of Rheumatic Diseases
  • Associate Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • Director, Lupus Program
  • University of Michigan

Shaunagh McDermott, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Colin McDonald, MD
  • Instructor in Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Malcolm McDonald, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA
  • Associate Professor
  • School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University

Michael L McGarvey, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Stuart McGrane, MBChB
  • Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Kenneth McIntosh, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

William J McKenna, MD
  • Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
  • Professor of Cardiology
  • University College, London

C Crawford Mechem, MD, FACEP
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Reena Mehra, MD, MS, FCCP, FAASM
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Director of Sleep Disorders Research
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University

Ankit Mehta, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas
  • Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas

Atul C Mehta, MBBS, FCCP
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Avedis Meneshian, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Division of Thoracic Surgery
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Thoracic Surgeon
  • Anne Arundel Medical Center

Dick Menzies, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine and of Epidemiology & Biostatistics
  • Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University

Peter A Merkel, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Vasculitis
  • Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • University of Pennsylvania

Christian Meyer, MD, PhD
  • Instructor in Oncology
  • Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital

David E Midthun, MD
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Emmanuel Mignot, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Carmen Mikacenic, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Mark E Mikkelsen, MD, MSCE
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Michael T Milano, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Radiation Oncology
  • University of Rochester

Marc L Miller, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Rachel Miller, MD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine (In Pediatrics) and Environmental Health Sciences
  • NYPH/Columbia University

York E Miller, MD
  • Thomas L Petty Chair of Lung Research
  • Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine
  • Co-Leader, Lung, Head and Neck Cancer Program
  • University of Colorado Cancer Center
  • Staff Physician
  • Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Richard P Millman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Nils Milman, MD
  • Department of Lung Transplantation
  • Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Omar A Minai, MD
  • Pulmonary and Critical Care Associates
  • Southside regional medical Center

Omar Mohamedaly, MD
  • Medical Instructor
  • Lung Transplant Program
  • Associate Medical Director
  • Adult Cystic Fibrosis Progr

Lawrence C Mohr, MD, FACP, FCCP
  • Professor of Medicine, Biometry & Epidemiology
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Bruce A Molitoris, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

David A Morrow, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David B Mount, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Albeir Mousa, MD, FACS, MBA, MPH, RPVI
  • Professor, Department of Surgery
  • Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Division
  • West Virginia University

John Moxham, MD
  • Professor of Respiratory Medicine
  • Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London School of Medicine

Michael T Mullen, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Septimiu Murgu, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Chicago

Timothy F Murphy, MD
  • SUNY Distinguished Professor
  • University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Brian James Murray, MD, FRCPC D, ABSM
  • Associate Professor of Neurology, Department of Medicine
  • Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto

Daniel M Musher, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Professor of Molecular Virology and Microbiology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Arun Nagdev, MD
  • Medicine Director, Emergency Ultrasound
  • Highland General Hospital
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Francisco

Joel W Neal, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine (Oncology)
  • Stanford University/ Stanford Cancer Institute

Robert S Negrin, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Richard W Nesto, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Giora Netzer, MD, MSCE
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Associate Professor of Epidemiology
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Remi Neviere, MD
  • Professor
  • University Hospital CHU of Martinique

Lee S Newman, MD, MA, FCCP, FACOEM
  • Professor, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Colorado School of Public Health and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver

Lynnette K Nieman, MD
  • Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
  • Senior Investigator
  • Bethesda, MD

Marc Noppen, MD
  • Professor and Head, Interventional Endoscopy Unit
  • Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel

Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA
  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine

Imre Noth, MD
  • Professor of Medicine in Pulmonary and Critical Care
  • University of Chicago School of Medicine

Paul M O'Byrne, MB, FRSC
  • EJ Moran Campbell Professor
  • McMaster University, Canada

Liza C O'Dowd, MD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Ronan O'Driscoll, BSc, MD, FRCP
  • Consultant Respiratory Physician
  • Salford Royal University Hospital, United Kingdom

Christopher S Ogilvy, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark D Okusa, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Jamary Oliveira Filho, MD, MS, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Neuroanatomy
  • Federal University of Bahia
  • Director, Neurocritical Care Unit
  • Hospital Santa Izabel, Brazil

Kenneth R Olivier, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Brian Olshansky, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • Des Moines University

Eric Olson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

William G Ondo, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

David Ost, MD, MPH
  • Professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Menaka Pai, MD, FRCPC
  • Associate Professor, Hematology and Thromboembolism
  • McMaster University

Vernon M Pais, Jr, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery/Urology
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Paul M Palevsky, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Biff F Palmer, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Scott M Palmer, MD, MHS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Pratik Pandharipande, MD, MSCI
  • Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Nereida A Parada, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Environmental Medicine
  • Tul

Elyse R Park, PhD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School
  • Director of Behavioral Sciences, MGH Tobacco Research & Treatment Center
  • Director of Behavioral Science Research, Center for Psychiatric & Behavioral Sciences, MGH Cancer Center
  • Director of Behavioral Health Research, MGH Benson-Henry Inst

Joong Shin Park, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea

Sairam Parthasarathy, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Arizona

Shalini Paruthi, MD
  • Adjunct Associate Professor
  • Saint Louis University School of Medicine

Rodolfo Pascual, MD
  • Associate Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Harvey I Pass, MD
  • Stephen E. Banner Professor of Thoracic Oncology
  • NYU Langone Medical Center

Tobias Peikert, MD
  • Consultant, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Constantino Pena, MD
  • Medical Director of Vascular Imaging
  • Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute

William F Pendergraft III, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina Kidney Center
  • Visiting Postdoctoral Scholar, Hacohen Group, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT

Jean Louis Pepin, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Clinical Physiology
  • University Joseph Fourier

Mark A Peppercorn, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronald D Perrone, MD
  • Section Editor — Cystic Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Holly Perry, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Stephen Peters, MD, PhD, FACP, FCCP, FAAAAI, FCPP
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Marc Peters-Golden, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Robert Phang, MD, FACC, FHRS
  • Electrophysiologist
  • Albany Associates in Cardiology

Joseph Pilewski, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Cell Biology, and Pediatrics
  • University of Pittsburgh

Duane S Pinto, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Amanda Piper, PhD
  • Associate Professor
  • Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney

Thomas A E Platts-Mills, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Division Chief
  • University of Virginia Medical School

Philip J Podrid, MD, FACC
  • Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
  • Boston University School of Medicine
  • Lecturer, Harvard Medical School

Marc A Pohl, MD
  • Ray W. Gifford, Jr., MD Endowed Chair in Hypertension
  • Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Cleveland Clinic

Charles N Pozner, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Anton Pozniak, MD, FRCP
  • Tuberculosis Lead Physician
  • Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust

Jordan M Prutkin, MD, MHS, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Electrophysiology Section
  • University of Washington

Ching-Hon Pui, MD
  • Chair of the Department of Oncology
  • Fahad Al-Rashid Chair of Leukemia Research
  • St. Jude's Children's Hospital
  • American Cancer Society Professor
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Charles D Pusey, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Imperial College, London

Jai Radhakrishnan, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Ganesh Raghu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine (Adjunct)
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Rishi Raj, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University

Suresh S Ramalingam, MD
  • Professor
  • Director of Medical Oncology
  • Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology
  • Emory University, Winship Cancer Institute

Gary E Raskob, MSc, PhD
  • Professor, Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Sivakumar R Rathinam, FAMS, PhD
  • Professor of Ophthalmology and Head of uveitis service
  • Aravind Eye Hospital & PG Institute of Ophthalmology

Christine C Reardon, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Guy S Reeder, MD
  • Section Editor — Coronary Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Lee B Reichman, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • New Jersey Medical School

John P Reilly, MD, MSCE
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine

Lynn F Reinke, PhD, ARNP
  • Clinical Associate Professor, School of Nursing
  • Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington

Alex Reyentovich, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • NYU Langone School of Medicine

Sean H Rhyee, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de Carvalho, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pulmonology
  • University of Sao Paulo

Michael J Richards, MD, FRACP
  • The Royal Melbourne Hospital
  • Victoria, Australia

Nancy A Rigotti, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lee W Riley, MD
  • Professor of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology
  • University of California at Berkeley

Gianfranco Rizzato, MD
  • Primario Emerito Internal Medicine
  • Niguarda Hospital (Piazza Ospedale Maggiore)

Anne Roberts, MD
  • Professor of Radiology
  • UCSD Medical School

Darren M Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
  • Clinical Toxicologist, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
  • Nephrologist, Canberra Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Australian National University

Brianne Barnett Roby, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Minnesota

Don C Rockey, MD
  • Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Richard J Rodeheffer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Diana Rodriguez-Thompson, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Instructor in Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Timothy Roehrs, PhD
  • Director of Research
  • Henry Ford Sleep Disorders Clinic

Guy Rordorf, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Cecile Rose, MD, MPH
  • Professor, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences
  • National Jewish Medical Health

Gerald M Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Harold N Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ilene M Rosen, MD, MSCE
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Robert S Rosenson, MD
  • Section Editor — Lipids
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  • Director, Cardiometabolic Disorders
  • Mount Sinai Heart

Kenneth Rosenzweig, MD
  • Professor and Chairman
  • Department of Radiation Oncology
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Mitchell H Rosner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health System

Douglas S Ross, MD
  • Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas Roth, PhD
  • Adjunct Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
  • University of Michigan

John M Routes, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Medicine, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

James A Rowley, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Lewis J Rubin, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University

Michael R Rudnick, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Bruce A Runyon, MD
  • Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of New Mexico, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
  • Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico

Erich W Russi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University Hospital, Switzerland

Jay H Ryu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Kenneth G Saag, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Rommel Sagana, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Joseph K Salama, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Radiation Oncology
  • Duke University Cancer Institute

Steven D Salhanick, MD
  • Staff Toxicologist
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Children's Hospital Boston, and The Center for Poison Information & Control;
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

John R Saltzman, MD, FACP, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
  • Section Editor — Therapeutic and Diagnostic Endoscopy
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Owen B Samuels, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Emory University

Arun J Sanyal, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Babak Sarani, MD, FACS, FCCM
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Director, Center for Trauma and Critical Care
  • George Washington University

Michael J Sateia, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry (Sleep Medicine), Emeritus
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

William H Sauer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Richard H Savel, MD, FCCM
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Paul E Sax, MD
  • Section Editor — HIV
  • Clinical Director, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas E Scammell, MD
  • Section Editor — Hypersomnias
  • Professor of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • Boston Children's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School

Steven C Schachter, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Schatz, MD, MS
  • Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Carlos Schenck, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Steven E Schild, MD
  • Section Editor — Radiation Therapy
  • Professor of Radiation Oncology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Neil W Schluger, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Gregory A Schmidt, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine
  • University of Iowa

Lynn M Schnapp, MD
  • Division Chief, Professor of Medicine
  • Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine Medical University of South Carolina

Hartmut Schneider, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Jennifer Schreiber, MD
  • Georgetown University Hospital

Richard J Schwab, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania Medical Center

David R Schwartz, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Section Chief, Critical Care
  • NYU Medical Center

Michael D Schwartz, MD, FCCP, FCCM
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Health

Richard M Schwartzstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Marvin I Schwarz, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Edwin Seet, MBBS, MMed
  • Clinical Senior Lecturer
  • Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore

Winston Sequeira, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rush Medical College

Lecia V Sequist, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David Seres, MD
  • Director of Medical Nutrition
  • Associate Professor of Medicine in the Institute for Human Nutrition
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Sanjay Sethi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Division Chief, Pulmonary/Critical Care/Sleep Medicine
  • University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Daniel J Sexton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Shirin Shafazand, MD, MS, FRCP(C), FCCP, FAASM
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
  • University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine

Elizabeth Shane, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University Medical Center

Jo Shapiro, MD
  • Associate Professor of Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

Alice T Shaw, MD, PhD
  • Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center

James H Shelhamer, MD
  • Deputy Chief, Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center
  • National Institutes of Health

Wes Shepherd, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center

Francis D Sheski, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Baha M Sibai, MD
  • Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Mark D Siegel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Edward D Siew, MD, MSCI
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Vanderbilt Center for Kidney Disease (VCKD)
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Michael H Silber, MBChB
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Arthur J Silvergleid, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
  • University of South Florida, College of Medicine
  • Medical Director, OneBlood, Inc.

Ronald C Silvestri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Frank E Silvestry, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Richard H Simon, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health Sciences Center

Michael Simons, MD
  • Robert W Berliner Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Lianne G Singer, MD, FRCPC
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto

Robert J Singer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Neurovascular Therapeutics
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Marco L A Sivilotti, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACEP, FACMT
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical & Molecular Sciences
  • Queen's University, Kingston Canada

Arthur S Slutsky, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Surgery and Biomedical Engineering
  • University of Toronto School of Medicine

Gerald W Smetana, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Edward R Smith, MD
  • Department of Neurosurgery
  • Children's Hospital Boston
  • Harvard Medical School

Denis Snegovskikh, MD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Patrick Soentjens, MD
  • Department of Clinical Sciences
  • Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp
  • Centre for Infectious Diseases
  • Military Hospital, Brussels

Benjamin Solomon, MBBS, PhD
  • Medical Oncologist
  • Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre

Daniel H Solomon, MD, MPH
  • Matthew H. Liang Distinguished Chair in Arthritis and Population Health
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Nieves Sopena Galindo, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Ulrich Specks, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  • Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester

Denis Spelman, MBBS, FRACP, FRCPA, MPH
  • Adjunct Professor, Monash University
  • Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia

David Spragg, MD, FHRS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital and Bayview Medical Center

Renee D Stapleton, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

Paul Stark, MD
  • Professor of Radiology
  • University of California San Diego

Jeffrey R Starke, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Mark M Stecker, MD, PhD
  • Chairman of Neuroscience
  • Winthrop University Hospital

Virginia Steen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Georgetown University Medical Center

Iain Stephenson, MD, FRCP
  • Senior Lecturer in Infectious Diseases
  • University Hospitals of Leicester, UK

Timothy R Sterling, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Daniel H Sterman, MD
  • Director, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
  • NYU School of Medicine
  • NYU Langone Medical Center

Barney J Stern, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Maryland

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Dennis L Stevens, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Thomas E Stinchcombe, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Jeff Stokes, MD, FAAAAI, FACAAI
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine

Andrew Stolbach, MD, MPH, FAACT, FACMT, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

James K Stoller, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Jean Wall Bennett Professor of Medicine, Samson Global Leadership Academy Endowed Chair
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chairman, Education Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Janet E Stout, PhD
  • Director, Special Pathogens Laboratory
  • Research Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh

Jason Stout, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Diane E Stover, MD
  • Editor — Respiratory Infections
  • Chief, Pulmonary Service
  • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Charlie Strange, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Lisa Strate, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington Medical School

Kingman P Strohl, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Biophysics
  • Case Western Reserve University

Jonathan R Strosberg, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology
  • H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center

Jason R Stubbs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Mark Su, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Aruna Subramanian, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Rakesh M Suri, MD, DPhil
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Cleveland Clinic

Lynne Sylvia, PharmD
  • Senior Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Tufts Medical Center
  • Clinical Professor, Northeastern University, School of Pharmacy

David M Systrom, MD, FRCPC
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Harold Szerlip, MD, FACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
  • Director, Nephrology Division, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
  • Program Director, Nephrology Training Program, Baylor University Medical Center
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine

Matthew D Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Elizabeth A Talbot, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Lynn T Tanoue, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Victor F Tapson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Daniel Tarsy, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Henry D Tazelaar, MD
  • Consultant
  • Mayo Clinic Arizona
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  • Chair of the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic Arizona

Arthur C Theodore, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

George Thomas, MD, MPH, FACP, FASN
  • Director, Center for Blood Pressure Disorders, Cleveland Clinic
  • Assistant Professor, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

Karl W Thomas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine - Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Charles F Thomas, Jr, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

B Taylor Thompson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Chandler Thompson, DMA, MS, CCC-SLP
  • Speech-Language Pathologist/Professional Voice, Department of Otolaryngology
  • Weill Cornell Medicine, The Sean Parker Institute for the Voice

Carey C Thomson, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor,
  • Harvard Medical School

Anna R Thorner, MD
  • Co-Director, Editorial Projects — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Infectious Diseases
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Part-time
  • Harvard Medical School

Kevin Thornton, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Anesthesia
  • University of California San Francisco School of Medicine

Brian L Tiep, MD
  • Director of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, City of Hope National Medical Center
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences

Patricia A Tietjen, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • New York Medical College

Karen J Tietze, PharmD
  • Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
  • Philadelphia College of Pharmacy
  • University of the Sciences in Philadelphia

Robert D Timmerman, MD
  • Professor of Radiation Oncology and Neurosurgery
  • University of Texas Southwestern

Raymond R Townsend, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Tram T Tran, MD
  • Medical Director of Liver Transplantation
  • Liver Disease and Transplant Center at Cedars-Sinai.

William D Travis, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Pathology
  • Weill Medical College - Cornell University

Anne S Tsao, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Elaine I Tuomanen, MD
  • Chair, Infectious Diseases
  • St Jude Children's Research Hospital

Troy Tuttle, MS
  • Exercise Physiologist
  • University of Texas Medical School at Houston

Eric Vallières, MD, FRCSC
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Surgical Director of the Lung Cancer Program
  • Swedish Cancer Institute

Nicholas Vander Els, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Cornell University Medical College

John Varga, MD
  • John and Nancy Hughes Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Joseph Varon, MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCM, FRSM
  • Professor of Acute and Continuing Care, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch

Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine (Geriatrics)
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Sara R Vazquez, PharmD, BCPS, CACP
  • Clinical Pharmacist
  • University of Utah Health

Santhi Swaroop Vege, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Larissa I Velez, MD
  • Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

James Verbsky, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Ashley H Vernon, MD
  • Instructor in Surgery
  • Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School

Sebastien Viatte, MD, PhD
  • Lecturer in Genetics
  • Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics
  • The University of Manchester, UK

Philippe Vignon, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Critical Care Medicine
  • Medical-Surgical Intensive Care Unit
  • Teaching Hospital of Limoges, France

R Kasi Visweswaran, MD, DM, FRCP (Edin)
  • Consultant in Nephrology
  • Ananthapuri Hospital and Research Institute

Nicholas Vogelzang, MD
  • Section Editor — Prostate Cancer
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Nevada School of Medicine
  • US Oncology Research

Everett E Vokes, MD
  • John E. Ultmann Professor
  • Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • Physician-in-Chief, University of Chicago Medicine and Biologic Sciences

C Fordham von Reyn, MD
  • Section Editor — Tuberculosis; Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Francine J Vriesendorp, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • SUNY Upstate Medical University

Tom Waddell, MD, MSc, PhD, FRCS, FACS
  • Professor, Division of Thoracic Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Heather Wakelee, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford Cancer Institute

Allan Walkey, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • The Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine

Edward M Weaver, MD, MPH
  • Professor and Chief of Sleep Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington
  • Co-Director, UW Medicine Sleep Center

Terri Weaver, PhD, RN, FAAN
  • Professor and Dean, College of Nursing
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Kathryn W Weibrecht, MD
  • Emergency Medicine Physician
  • Morton Hospital

Miles Weinberger, MD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Iowa

Steven E Weinberger, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
  • American College of Physicians

Gerald L Weinhouse, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Melvin P Weinstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Scott T Weiss, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Tropical Medicine
  • William Bosworth Castle Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
  • Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health

Matthew Wemple, MD
  • Assistant Professor – Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Sally Wenzel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Howard J West, MD
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Medical Director
  • Thoracic Oncology Program
  • Swedish Cancer Institute (Seattle)

Timothy Whelan, MD
  • Professor - Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Douglas B White, MD, MAS
  • Vice Chair and Professor of Critical Care Medicine; Director, Program on Ethics and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Michael Wiederkehr, MD
  • Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Dallas

James F Winchester, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Cameron Wolfe, MBBS (Hons)
  • Director Biopreparedness
  • Duke Preparedness & Response Center
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University

Gordon J Wood, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Palliative Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Director of Palliative Medicine and Supportive Care, Northwestern Lake Forest Hospital
  • Associate Medical Director, JourneyCare

James K Wyatt, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Behavioral Sciences
  • Rush Medical College

John V Wylie, MD, FACC
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts Medical School

Kazuhiro Yasufuku, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Toronto

Donald M Yealy, MD, FACEP
  • Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Brendon Yee, MBChB, PhD
  • Associate Professor, University of Sydney
  • Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Sydney, Woolcock Institute of Research

G Bryan Young, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Western Ontario, Canada

Michael P Young, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Alan S L Yu, MB, BChir
  • Harry Statland and Solon Summerfield Professor of Medicine
  • University of Kansas Medical Center

Victor L Yu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Aimee Zaas, MD, MHS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Kimon C Zachary, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ken Zafren, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FAWM
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Stanford University Medical Center
  • Emergency Programs Medical Director, State of Alaska

Rochelle Zak, MD
  • Associate Physician
  • UCSF Sleep Disorders Center

Dori F Zaleznik, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Martin Zamora, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Medical Director Lung Transplant Program
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Dana Zappetti, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

James L Zehnder, MD
  • Professor of Pathology and Medicine (Hematology)
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Carolyn M Zelop, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Ob/Gyn
  • New York University School of Medicine

Peter J Zimetbaum, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Peer Reviewers



Vivek N Ahya, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Alan F Barker, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Bruce S Bochner, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Adult Allergy; Asthma
  • Samuel M Feinberg Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Gerald G Briggs, BPharm, FCCP
  • Clinical Professor of Pharmacy
  • University of California, San Francisco
  • Adjunct Professor of Pharmacy Practice
  • University of Southern California, Los Angeles

Tara F Carr, MD, FAAAAI
  • Assistant Professor, Medicine and Otolaryngology
  • Department of Medicine, University of Arizona

Colleen Channick, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Tamara Claridge, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Pharmacy Specialist Cardiothoracic Transplant
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Carlyne D Cool, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Medical and Research Center
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Pathology
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Maria M Crespo, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Pennsylvania

Christopher H Fanta, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Aryeh Fischer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Rheumatology, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Kevin R Flaherty, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Kwun M Fong, MBBS(Lon), FRACP, PhD
  • Professor, School of Medicine
  • The University of Queensland

Edward R Garrity, MD, MBA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago

Jeffrey Glassroth, MD
  • Dean for Clinical Affairs, Biological Sciences Division
  • The University of Chicago

Nishant Gupta, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati

MeiLan King Han, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City

Daren K Heyland, MD, FRCPC, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Queen's University, Ontario, Canada

Peter Hopkins, MBBS, FRACP
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Queensland, School of Medicine

Gerard J Huchon, MD
  • Professor of Respiratory Medicine
  • Université de Paris René Descartes, France

Mike (JMB) Hughes, BM, BCh, MA, DM, FRCP
  • Honorary Professorial Research Fellow, National Heart and Lung Institute
  • Imperial College, London,

Michael Ieong, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Shaheen Islam, MD, MPH, FCCP
  • Professor
  • Ohio State University Medical Center

Marc A Judson, MD
  • Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Department of Medicine, Albany Medical College

Marin H Kollef, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Robert M Kotloff, MD
  • Chairman, Department of Pulmonary Medicine
  • Respiratory Institute Cleveland Clinic

Carla Lamb, MD, FACP, FCCP
  • Director of Interventional Pulmonology
  • Lahey Clinic

James C Leiter, MD
  • Professor of Physiology
  • Dartmouth Medical School

Kaiser G Lim, MD, FACCP, FAAAAI
  • Associate Professor
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Adnan Majid, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Fabien Maldonado, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Stephen A Mette, MD
  • Chief Clinical Officer
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Mark E Mikkelsen, MD, MSCE
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Septimiu Murgu, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Chicago

George T O'Connor, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Maria L Padilla, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

John E Parker, MD
  • Professor and Chief, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • West Virginia University

Taine Pechet, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • University of Pennsylvania

Michael W Peterson, MD
  • Endowed Professor and Chief of Medicine
  • UCSF-Fresno

Christine C Reardon, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Kari E Roberts, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Pulmonary, Sleep, and Critical Care Medicine
  • Tufts Medical Center

Russel J Roberts, PharmD, FCCM, BCCCP
  • Clinical Manager
  • Emergency Department and Critical Care Services
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Lynn M Schnapp, MD
  • Division Chief, Professor of Medicine
  • Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine Medical University of South Carolina

David Seres, MD
  • Director of Medical Nutrition
  • Associate Professor of Medicine in the Institute for Human Nutrition
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Janet Shapiro, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Columbia University

Jeremy M Shefner, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Neuromuscular Disease
  • Professor and Chair of Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute
  • Professor of Neurology, University of Arizona, Phoenix
  • Clinical Professor of Neurology, Creighton University

Wes Shepherd, MD, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center

Ronald C Silvestri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lewis J Smith, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Associate Vice President for Research
  • Northwestern University

Ulrich Specks, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  • Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester

Virginia Steen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Georgetown University Medical Center

Charlie Strange, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Benjamin T Suratt, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine and Cell and Molecular Biology
  • University of Vermont College of Medicine

Henry D Tazelaar, MD
  • Consultant
  • Mayo Clinic Arizona
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  • Chair of the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic Arizona

Andrew G Villanueva, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Scott T Weiss, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Paul V Zimmerman, BSc, MBBS, FRACP, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Queensland, Australia