Contents Authors and Editors Patient Education
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Authors and Editors in Patient Education

Deputy Editors



Kelly Crowley
  • Director, Patient Education Content – UpToDate

Kathryn A Martin, MD
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Endocrinology and Patient Education
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Editorial Assistants



Megan Misukonis, BA
  • Development Editor — UpToDate

Samantha Moyer, BA
  • Editorial Assistant — UpToDate

Authors



Abhishek Abhishek, MBBS, MD, MRCP, PhD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Rheumatology
  • School of Medicine
  • University of Nottingham
  • Nottingham, UK
  • Honorary Consultant Rheumatologist
  • Queen's Medical Centre
  • Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
  • Nottingham, UK

Diane Abraczinskas, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David WK Acheson, MD, FRCP
  • President and CEO
  • The Acheson Group LLC

Mary A Albrecht, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Alexander, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Patrick C Alguire, MD, FACP
  • Senior Vice President Emeritus for Medical Education
  • American College of Physicians

Harrison Alter, MD, MS, FACEP
  • Attending Physician
  • Highland Hospital – Alameda Health System, Oakland, California
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Bradley D Anawalt, MD
  • Chief of Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center
  • Professor and Vice Chair of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Bruce C Anderson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health Sciences University

Donna L Arand, PhD
  • Research Associate Professor
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Aydin Arici, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Stephanie J Arnold, FACD, MBBS (Hons), BSc (Hons)
  • Consultant Dermatologist
  • Churchill Hospital Department of Dermatology, Oxford

Julian M Aroesty, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark D Aronson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult); Hospital Medicine
  • Section Editor — General Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael B Atkins, MD
  • Section Editor — Malignant Melanoma and Other Cutaneous Neoplasms; Cancer of the Kidney
  • Deputy Director
  • Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Marilyn Augustyn, MD
  • Section Editor — Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
  • Associate Professor
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Paul G Auwaerter, MD, MBA, FIDSA
  • Sherrilyn and Ken Fisher Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Hakan Ay, MD
  • Stroke Service, Department of Neurology
  • A.A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Harvard Medical School

Gloria Bachmann, MD
  • Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences
  • Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Bruce R Bacon, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Saint Louis University School of Medicine

Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Alan N Baer, MD, FACP
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Jerome L. Greene Sjogren’s Syndrome Center
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Zahid H Bajwa, MD
  • Lecturer
  • Tufts University Medical School

Carol J Baker, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Molecular Virology and Microbiology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

George L Bakris, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Professor of Medicine
  • The University of Chicago

Kimberly Ballard Matlock, MD
  • Cook Children's Health Care System
  • Fort Worth, Texas

Robert L Barbieri, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health
  • Section Editor — General Gynecology and Female Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Kate Macy Ladd Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Vanessa A Barss, MD, FACOG
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

John G Bartlett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — HIV; Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Jan Basile, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina
  • Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Laurence S Baskin, MD, FAAP
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Urology
  • Frank Hinman, Jr, MD, Distinguished Professorship in Pediatric Urology
  • Chief Pediatric Urology
  • Professor of Urology and Pediatrics
  • UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital

Tracy Batchelor, MD, MPH
  • Giovanni Armenise Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Carol K Bates, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael A Becker, MD
  • Section Editor — Crystal Diseases
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

David Benditt, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Director, Cardiac Arrhythmia Center
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

William M Bennett, MD
  • Medical Director
  • Legacy Good Samaritan Transplant Services

Paul AS Benson, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • OU-Tulsa School of Community Medicine

Jonathan S Berek, MD, MMS
  • Laurie Kraus Lacob Professor
  • Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Fellow, Stanford Distinguished Careers Institute
  • Director, Stanford Women's Cancer Center
  • Senior Scientific Advisor, Stanford Cancer Institute

Vincenzo Berghella, MD
  • Section Editor — Obstetrics
  • Director, Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Thomas Jefferson University

Lori R Berkowitz, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Bonnie L Bermas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

John Bernardo, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Research Professor of Biochemistry
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Jeffrey S Berns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Beutler, MD
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • Uniformed Services University

Vinod K Bhutani, MD, FAAP
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Peter Black, MD, FACS, FRCSC
  • Khosrowshahi Chair in Bladder Cancer Research
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Urologic Sciences
  • University of British Columbia
  • Vancouver Prostate Centre

Ronald Bleday, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Donald B Bloch, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael J Bloch, MD, FACP, FASH, FSVM, FNLA
  • Associate Professor, University of Nevada School of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Vascular Care, Renown Regional Medical Center

Liza Bonin, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Psychiatry
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Michael H Bonnet, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Neurology
  • Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine

Daniel J Bonthius, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

Kari P Braaten, MD, MPH
  • Instructor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Glenn D Braunstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine Emeritus, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

George A Bray, MD
  • Boyd Professor Emeritus, Pennington Biomedical Research Center/Louisiana State University
  • Professor of Medicine Emeritus, Louisiana State University Health Science Center

Becky Briesacher, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
  • Section Editor — Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Health Sciences Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Diego

Rachelle Buchbinder, MBBS, MSc, PhD, FRACP
  • Rheumatologist and Director, Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology
  • Cabrini Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine
  • Monash University

John M Burkart, MD
  • Section Editor — Dialysis
  • Professor of Medicine/Nephrology
  • Wake Forest University Medical Center

Wesley Burks, MD
  • Executive Dean
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Harold Burstein, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Breast Cancer
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy F Butte, PhD
  • Distinguished Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Louis R Caplan, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Karen J Carlson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Tara F Carr, MD, FAAAAI
  • Assistant Professor, Medicine and Otolaryngology
  • Department of Medicine, University of Arizona

Daniela A Carusi, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert F Casper, MD
  • Professor, Division of Reproductive Sciences
  • University of Toronto, Canada
  • Senior Investigator
  • Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute

Mariam R Chacko, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics/Adolescent & Sports Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Arlene B Chapman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Julia F Charles, MD, PhD
  • Associate Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Adam S Cheifetz, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lee-may Chen, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, & Reproductive Sciences
  • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
  • UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

Wendy Y Chen, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Sanjiv Chopra, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Section Editor — General Hepatology; Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Senior Consultant in Hepatology
  • James Tullis Firm Chief
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Kelvin L Chou, MD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Roger Chou, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University

Toni K Choueiri, MD
  • Director, The Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology
  • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jeffrey W Clark, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

J Quentin Clemens, MD, FACS, MSCI
  • Professor of Urology
  • Director, Division of Neurourology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Jonathan Cohen, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • New York University School of Medicine

Myron S Cohen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Microbiology, Immunology and Public Health
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Graham A Colditz, MD, DrPH
  • Neiss-Gain Professor in Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Wilson S Colucci, MD
  • Section Editor — Heart Failure
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Susan M Cooper, MB ChB, MRCGP, FRCP, MD
  • Consultant Dermatologist and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer
  • Oxford University Hospitals

Michael J Corwin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health

Donald R Coustan, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

J Thomas Cox, MD
  • Past-President
  • American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP)

Sheila E Crowe, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FACG, AGAF
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego

Garret J Cullen, MD
  • Consultant Gastroenterologist
  • St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin
  • Clinical Lecturer, University College Dublin School of Medicine and Medical Science

F Gary Cunningham, MD
  • Professor and Holder of Beatrice and Miguel Elias Distinguished Chair in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Glenn R Cunningham, MD
  • Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Medicine
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Gary C Curhan, MD, ScD
  • Section Editor — Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Editor-in-Chief Emeritus
  • Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Susan Cu-Uvin, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Medicine
  • Brown University

Ronald L Dalman, MD
  • Professor of Surgery & Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Reza Dana, MD, MPH, MSc
  • Claes Dohlman Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Harvard Medical School

Basil T Darras, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Nancy A Dawson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • Georgetown University

Sarah D de Ferranti, MD, MPH
  • Director, Preventive Cardiology Clinic
  • Department of Cardiology
  • Boston Children's Hospital

Katherine L Dec, MD
  • Professor
  • Department of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Mark E Deffebach, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Linda M Delahanty, MS, RD
  • Assistant Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alfred DeMaria, Jr, MD
  • Medical Director
  • Bureau of Infectious Disease and Laboratory Sciences
  • State Epidemiologist
  • Massachusetts Department of Public Health

Melinda Dennis, MS, RD, LDN
  • Nutrition Coordinator, Celiac Center
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Richard D deShazo, MD
  • Billy S Guyton Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Rajiv Dhand, MD, FCCP, FACP, FAARC
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine

Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Ohio State University

Cecilia Di Pentima, MD
  • Director of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
  • Goryeb Children's Hospital, Atlantic Health System
  • Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University

Elizabeth A Dinces, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

J Bryan Dixon, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
  • Michigan State University College of Human Medicine
  • Medical Director
  • United States Olympic Education Center

William P Docken, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Doherty, MA, MD, FRCP, FHEA
  • Professor of Rheumatology and Head of Rheumatology, Orthopaedics and Dermatology
  • School of Medicine
  • University of Nottingham

Raphael Dolin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Mitchell P Dombrowski, MD
  • Professor and Chief, Department of Ob/Gyn
  • Saint John Hospital
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Chyke Doubeni, MD, FRCS, MPH
  • Chair and Presidential Associate Professor,
  • Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

James D Douketis, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP
  • Professor, Department of Medicine
  • McMaster University

Marc K Drezner, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin Medical School

Jan E Drutz, MD
  • Section Editor — General Pediatrics
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Alison M Duncombe, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT
  • Coordinator of Outpatient Rehab Services
  • UI Health/University of Illinois

Teresa K Duryea, MD
  • Section Editor — General Pediatrics
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Caryn Dutton, MD, MS
  • Instructor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

David A Ehrmann, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago

John F Eidt, MD
  • Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
  • Professor of Surgery, Texas A&M Health Science Center
  • Vice Chair of Vascular Surgical Services, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital at Dallas

Howard J Eisen, MD
  • Thomas J Vischer Professor of Medicine
  • Drexel University College of Medicine

Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon

Joann G Elmore, MD, MPH
  • Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult)
  • Section Editor — General Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Dirk M Elston, MD
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Lisa Enger, RN, BSN, IBCLC
  • Lactation Consultant
  • Tufts Medical Center

Greg A Erens, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Doruk Erkan, MD, MPH
  • Associate Attending Rheumatologist, Hospital for Special Surgery
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine

Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, FMEdSci, FSB, FRCP, FRCP (Edin.)
  • Emeritus Professor of Complementary Medicine
  • Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter

Elihu H Estey, MD
  • Professor
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Myron Falchuk, MD
  • Chief of Clinical Gastroenterology, Emeritus
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Ronald J Falk, MD
  • Nan and Hugh Cullman Eminent Professor of Nephrology
  • Chair, Department of Medicine
  • Director, UNC Kidney Center
  • University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Christopher H Fanta, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Bart CJM Fauser, MD, PhD
  • Professor, Department of Reproductive Medicine & Gynecology
  • University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands

Adam S Feldman, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Eva L Feldman, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Sarah Feldman, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Steven R Feldman, MD, PhD
  • Professor
  • Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Colleen M Feltmate, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Thomas M File, Jr, MD
  • Section Editor — Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University

David M Fleischer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Gary R Fleisher, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
  • Egan Family Foundation Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Caroline E Foust-Wright, MD, MBA
  • Assistant Professor of Urology/Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts School of Medicine

Joseph Francis, Jr, MD, MPH
  • Deputy Chief Improvement and Analytics Officer
  • Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC

Arnold S Freedman, MD
  • Section Editor — Lymphoproliferative Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Steven D Freedman, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Theodore Freeman, MD
  • San Antonio Asthma and Allergy Clinic

Jonathan W Friedberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • James P Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester

Ryan P Friedberg, MD
  • Clinical Instructor, Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Edmund F Funai, MD
  • Professor and Chief Operating Officer
  • USF Health

Karen L Furie, MD, MPH
  • Chair and Professor of Neurology
  • Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Joseph M Furman, MD, PhD
  • Professor
  • University of Pittsburgh

William H Gaasch, MD
  • Section Editor — Valvular Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Senior Consultant in Cardiology
  • Lahey Clinic

Scott A Gallagher, MD
  • Senior Clinical Instructor, Department of Surgery
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Leonard I Ganz, MD, FHRS, FACC
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Heritage Valley Health System

David A Garcia, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Maureen R Gecht-Silver, OTD, MPH, OTR/L
  • Assistant Professor of Clinical Family Medicine
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy
  • University of Illinois at Chicago

Lynn B Gerald, PhD, MSPH
  • Endowed Chair and Professor
  • Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona

Alessandro Ghidini, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Georgetown University Medical Center

Dafna D Gladman, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Toronto

Stephen J Gluckman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Laura A Goguen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

Don L Goldenberg, MD
  • Section Editor — Pain Disorders in Rheumatology
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine
  • Affiliate Assistant, Rheumatology Division, Oregon Health Science University
  • Affiliate Instructor, School of Nursing Oregon Health Sciences University

Adam O Goldstein, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Beth G Goldstein, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Department of Dermatology
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Annekathryn Goodman, MD
  • Professor
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology, Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • MGH Global Disaster Response

Emmy Graber, MD, MBA
  • Clinical Instructor
  • Northeastern University

Amy L Graziani, PharmD
  • Associate Professor in Pharmacy, Adjunct Faculty
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA

Axel Grothey, MD
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Gordon Guyatt, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine
  • McMaster University

Peter Hackett, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
  • Director, Institute for Altitude Medicine, Telluride, Colorado

Jacquelyn V Halliday, MS
  • Genetic Counselor, Prenatal Diagnosis Center
  • Women and Infants Hospital

Daniel L Hamilos, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Physician
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Pedram Hamrah, MD
  • New England Eye Center/Tufts Medical Center
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

MeiLan King Han, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Marvin Harper, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Anthony Harris, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Hospital Acquired Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Maryland School of Medicine

Kenan Haver, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Daniel F Hayes, MD
  • Section Editor — Breast Cancer
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan School of Medicine

David L Hayes, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

John E Heffner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health & Science University
  • Providence Portland Medical Center

Michael A Heneghan, MD, MMedSc, FRCPI
  • Consultant Hepatologist & Reader in Hepatology
  • Clinical Director for Liver Services
  • Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital

Vincent E Herrin, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Mississippi School of Medicine
  • Divisions of Hematology and Oncology
  • Director, Medicine Residency Program
  • University of Mississippi School of Medicine

Andrew D Hershey, MD, PhD, FAHS
  • Endowed Chair and Director of Neurology
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Thomas J Herzog, MD
  • Clinical Director
  • University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute

Patricia L Hibberd, MD, PhD
  • Chair, Department of Global Health
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Ivor D Hill, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Section Chief, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
  • Nationwide Children's Hospital

Alejandro Hoberman, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Richard M Hoffman, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

Thomas M Hooton, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Kimberly A Horii, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Children's Mercy Hospital

Mark D Hornstein, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

William Howe, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Linden Hu, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Brenna Hughes, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Duke University

Russell D Hull, MBBS, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Calgary, Canada

Linda Humphrey, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health and Preventive Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Nancy M Hurst, PhD, RN, IBCLC
  • Assistant Professor
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Peter H Hwang, MD
  • Professor
  • Chief, Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Massimo Imazio, MD, FESC
  • Professor of Physiology
  • University Division of Cardiology, Department of Medical Sciences, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino.
  • Department of Public Health and Pediatrics, University of Torino.

Lesley A Inker, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Zacharia Isaac, MD
  • Section Editor — Soft Tissue Rheumatic Disease
  • Assistant Professor in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Harvard Medical School

Claudine Isaacs, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Oncology
  • Georgetown University Medical School
  • Jess and Mildred Fisher Center for Hereditary Cancer and Clinical Genomics Research

Stuart N Isaacs, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Deborah S Jacobs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Part-Time
  • Harvard Medical School

Neeru Jayanthi, MD
  • Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
  • Loyola University Medical Center

Christopher Kabrhel, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Dov Kadmon, MD
  • Professor of Urology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Peter J Kahrilas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

Gregory P Kalemkerian, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Co-Director, Thoracic Oncology
  • University of Michigan Medical Center

Kenneth C Kalunian, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine

Sunanda V Kane, MD, MSPH
  • Professor
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Joseph P Kannam, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pediatrics
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Infectious Diseases
  • Professor and Vice Chairman for Clinical Affairs
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Wassim Kassouf, MD, CM, FRCS
  • Professor of Surgery (Urology)
  • McGill University Health Center

Laurence Katznelson, MD
  • Associate Dean of Graduate Medical Education
  • Professor of Neurosurgery and Medicine (Endocrinology and Metabolism)
  • Stanford School of Medicine

Andrew M Kaunitz, MD
  • Professor and Associate Chairman
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville

Marsha Kay, MD
  • Chair, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
  • Cleveland Clinic

Ellie Kelepouris, MD, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
  • Drexel University College of Medicine

Charles Kellner, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Stephen Kells, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Entomology
  • University of Minnesota

Ciarán P Kelly, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

John M Kelso, MD
  • Section Editor – Anaphylaxis
  • Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
  • Scripps Clinic, San Diego, CA

Stephen F Kemp, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH
  • Associate Professor
  • Scott Department of Urology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Michael Kleerekoper, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Chief, Division of Endocrinology
  • University of Toledo

Eric A Klein, MD
  • Chairman, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Cleveland Clinic

Jerome O Klein, MD
  • Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Steven Kleinman, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Clinical Professor of Pathology
  • University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Bradley P Knight, MD, FACC
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

Scott M Koehler, MD
  • Physician, Sports Medicine Specialist
  • Allina Health, Northfield, Minnesota

Stephen M Korbet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rush University Medical Center

Kevin R Krull, PhD
  • Member, Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control
  • St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

David Kruse, MD
  • Primary Care Sports Medicine
  • Orthopaedic Specialty Institute

Wendy Kuohung, MD
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Ann S LaCasce, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michelle Lai, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

J Thomas Lamont, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Section Editor — Anorectal Disorders and Misc. Lower GI Disease; Nutrition, Malabsorption, and Misc. Upper GI Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Christine Laronga, MD, FACS
  • Professor
  • Moffitt Cancer Center, University of South Florida

Eric B Larson, MD, MPH
  • Executive Director
  • Group Health Research Institute
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Richard A Larson, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Leukemia
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Shannon K Laughlin-Tommaso, MD
  • Consultant and Assistant Professor, Division of Gynecology, Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Surgery
  • Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School

Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
  • Section Editor — Travel Medicine
  • Head of Infectious Diseases Unit
  • Monash University, Australia

Andrew G Lee, MD
  • Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurological Surgery
  • Weill Cornell College of Medicine

Anne Roland Lee, EdD, RD, LD
  • Deputy Editor — Radiology
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Celiac Disease Center
  • Columbia University

Linda Lee, MD
  • Director, Women's Health in GI and Endoscopic Education, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Anthony J Lembo, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Barbara S Levy, MD, FACOG
  • Vice President for Health Policy
  • American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists

Phillip L Lieberman, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee College of Medicine

Rogerio C Lilenbaum, MD, FACP
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Yale Cancer Center

Robert B Lim, MD, FACS, COL, MC, USA
  • Chief of Metabolic and Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
  • Tripler Army Medical Center
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences

Anna SF Lok, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical School

George F Longstreth, MD
  • Voluntary Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Silvano Loperfido, MD
  • Consultant of Gastroenterology
  • Center Salute&Cultura
  • Treviso, Italy

Charles L Loprinzi, MD
  • Regis Professor of Breast Cancer Research
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Yair Lotan, MD
  • Professor
  • Department of Urology
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

Emily S Lukacz, MD, MAS
  • Professor of Reproductive Medicine
  • UC San Diego Heath System

Jeffrey M Lyness, MD
  • Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology
  • University of Rochester Medical Center

Uma Mahadevan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Ravinder N Maini, BA, MB BChir, FRCP, FMedSci, FRS
  • Section Editor — Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Emeritus Professor of Rheumatology, Imperial College London
  • Visiting Professor, Oxford University

Sumit R Majumdar, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • University of Alberta Medical School, Canada

Johannes FE Mann, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Friedrich Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
  • International Scholar, Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Canada

William J Mann, Jr, MD
  • Section Editor — Gynecologic Surgery
  • Clinical Professor
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Martin S Maron, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Jeanne Marrazzo, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA
  • Professor and Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine

Thomas J Marrie, MD
  • Dean Emeritus
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Dalhousie University

Gregory M Martin, MD
  • Medical Director, Orthopedic Institute at JFK Medical Center
  • Preferred Orthopedics of the Palm Beaches

Barbara M Mathes, MD, FACP, FAAD
  • Clinical Associate, Dermatology
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Secretary Treasurer
  • American Academy of Dermatology

David O Matson, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Eastern Virginia Medical School

Tej K Mattoo, MD, DCH, FRCP
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Micah T McClain, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University Medical Center

David K McCulloch, MD
  • Diabetologist
  • Washington Permanente Medical Group

Thomas McGovern, MD
  • Private Practice
  • Fort Wayne, IN

Dennis J McTigue, DDS
  • Professor of Pediatric Dentistry
  • Ohio State University College of Dentistry

Babak Mehrara, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Cornell Weill Medical Center

James B Meigs, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Matthew Mell, MD, FACS
  • Associate Professor, Division of Vascular Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Shlomo Melmed, MD
  • Senior Vice President and Dean
  • Cedars Sinai Medical Center
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine

Sofia D Merajver, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Peter A Merkel, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Vasculitis
  • Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • University of Pennsylvania

Andrew G Messenger, MD, FRCP
  • Professor of Dermatology
  • University of Sheffield

Geralyn M Messerlian, PhD
  • Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
  • Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Anna H Messner, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • Professor of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery and Pediatrics
  • Stanford University

Amy B Middleman, MD, MPH, MS Ed
  • Section Editor — Adolescent Medicine
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Chief of Adolescent Medicine
  • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Marc L Miller, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Rachel Miller, MD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine (In Pediatrics) and Environmental Health Sciences
  • NYPH/Columbia University

John J Millichap, MD, FAAP
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Robert H Moore, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

C Scott Moreland, DO
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Baylor College of Medicine

James P Morgan, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Kathleen J Motil, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nutrition
  • Professor of Pediatric Nutrition
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Kenneth J Mukamal, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Arno J Mundt, MD
  • Section Editor — Radiation Therapy
  • Chairman of Radiation Oncology
  • University of California, San Diego

Claire Murphy, RN, MSN, NP-C
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Daniel M Musher, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Professor of Molecular Virology and Microbiology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Michael G Muto, MD
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert S Negrin, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Jane W Newburger, MD, MPH
  • Commonwealth Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Lynnette K Nieman, MD
  • Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
  • Senior Investigator
  • Bethesda, MD

Peter A Nigrovic, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA
  • Professor and Chair
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine

Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Paul M O'Byrne, MB, FRSC
  • EJ Moran Campbell Professor
  • McMaster University, Canada

William K Oh, MD
  • Section Editor — Testicular Cancer
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  • Chief, Division of Hematology Oncology
  • Tisch Cancer Institute

Barbara Olendzki, RD, MPH, LDN
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • UMass Medical School

Brian Olshansky, MD
  • Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • Des Moines University

Kathryn K Ostermaier, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Director of the Texas Children's Spina Bifida Clinic and the Texas Children's Down Syndrome Clinic

Stephanie T Page, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Menaka Pai, MD, FRCPC
  • Associate Professor, Hematology and Thromboembolism
  • McMaster University

Shea Palamountain, MD
  • Texas Children's Pediatrics
  • Houston, TX

Joel M Palefsky, MD
  • Professor
  • University of California San Francisco
  • Immediate Past President, International Papillomavirus Society
  • Past President, International Anal Neoplasia Society

Glenn E Palomaki, PhD
  • Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
  • Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Richard S Panush, MD, MACP, MACR
  • Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology
  • Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

Diane E Pappas, MD, JD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Virginia School of Medicine

Mark S Pasternack, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Nishaben Patel, MD
  • Assistant Professor Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition
  • University of Rochester Medical Center

Zara M Patel, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Richard Paulson, MD
  • Professor and Vice-Chair, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Chief, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility
  • University of Southern California
  • Keck School of Medicine

Jeffrey F Peipert, MD, PhD
  • Clarence E. Ehrlich Professor and Chair
  • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Stephen Pelton, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health

John H Pemberton, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School

Robert M Penner, BSc, MD, FRCPC, MSc
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of Alberta, Canada

Mark A Peppercorn, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronald D Perrone, MD
  • Section Editor — Cystic Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Beth N Peshkin, MS, CGC
  • Professor of Oncology, Senior Genetic Counselor
  • Georgetown University Medical School
  • Jess and Mildred Fisher Center for Hereditary Cancer and Clinical Genomics Research

Lyle R Petersen, MD, MPH
  • Director
  • Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Douglas M Peterson, MD, MBA, FACP, FACSM
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Pedro A Piedra, MD
  • Professor of Molecular Virology and Microbiology and Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Marie Plante, MD
  • Full Professor of Gynecologic Oncology
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
  • L'Hôtel-Dieu de Québec
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec
  • Laval University

Steven C Plaxe, MD
  • Professor, Reproductive Medicine
  • Director, Gynecologic Oncology
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine

Glenn M Preminger, MD
  • Section Editor — Renal Ureteral Stones
  • Professor of Urologic Surgery
  • Duke University Medical Center
  • Director of Education
  • Endourological Society

Tore A Prestgaard, MD
  • Department of Neurology, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Drammen Hospital, Norway
  • Board Member of the Scandinavian Foundation of Medicine and Science in Sports

Kathleen I Pritchard, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor Emerita
  • Division of Medical Oncology
  • Department of Medicine
  • University of Toronto
  • Medical Oncologist
  • Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre
  • Senior Scientist
  • Sunnybrook Research Institute
  • Toronto, Canada

Lori Prok, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Karen M Puopolo, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

Frederic F Rahbari-Oskoui, MD, MSCR
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Kanti R Rai, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Molecular Medicine
  • Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine at Hofstra University

S Vincent Rajkumar, MD
  • Edward W. and Betty Knight Scripps Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Susan M Ramin, MD
  • The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG)

Lawrence D Recht, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Guy S Reeder, MD
  • Section Editor — Coronary Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Jerrie S Refuerzo, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

John T Repke, MD
  • ACOG Peer Reviewer
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Penn State College of Medicine
  • Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

David Richards, MD, FACEP
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
  • Section Editor — Cancer of the Urethra, Penis, and Ureter; Urologic Surgery; Prostate Cancer
  • Elliott Carr Cutler Professor of Surgery
  • Harvard Medical School

Margaret E Rick, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Uniformed University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

Nancy A Rigotti, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Christopher Ritchlin, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Rochester Medical Center

Michael Roberts, MPT, CSCS
  • Director
  • Central Massachusetts Physical Therapy and Wellness

Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, MD
  • Professor of Surgery
  • MD Anderson Cancer Center

Michael Ronthal, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Harold N Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert S Rosenson, MD
  • Section Editor — Lipids
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  • Director, Cardiometabolic Disorders
  • Mount Sinai Heart

Douglas S Ross, MD
  • Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Brad H Rovin, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • The Ohio State University College of Medicine

Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury, MD, MRCP
  • Professor of Medicine and Genetics
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Namita Roy-Chowdhury, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine and Genetics
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Bruce A Runyon, MD
  • Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of New Mexico, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
  • Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico

David P Ryan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael S Sabel, MD
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Sarbjit Saini, MD
  • Section Editor — Urticaria and Angioedema
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Richard J Santen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Virginia Health Sciences Center

Denis Sasseville, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Dermatology and Research Coordinator, Division of Dermatology
  • McGill University Health Centre

Gregory Sawicki, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Paul E Sax, MD
  • Section Editor — HIV
  • Clinical Director, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Steven C Schachter, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard J Schanler, MD
  • Professor
  • Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine

Michael Schatz, MD, MS
  • Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Charles A Schiffer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Oncology
  • Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Stanley L Schrier, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
  • Section Editor — Myeloproliferative Disorders; Red Blood Cell Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Peter H Schur, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Rheumatology
  • Section Editor — Basic Science
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Sara Schutzman, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Richard M Schwartzstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Paula Schweich, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Emre Seli, MD
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Daniel J Sexton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Arlene C Seña, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Nader Shaikh, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Francis D Sheski, MD
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
  • Indiana University School of Medicine

Jan L Shifren, MD
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Helen A Shih, MD
  • Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Attending Radiation Oncologist
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Robert H Shmerling, MD
  • Section Editor — Diagnostic Issues in Rheumatology
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Scott H Sicherer, MD, FAAAAI
  • Section Editor — Food Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Shonni J Silverberg, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Arthur J Silvergleid, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
  • University of South Florida, College of Medicine
  • Medical Director, OneBlood, Inc.

Ronald C Silvestri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Katherine Simmonds, MS, MPH, WHNP-BC
  • Assistant Professor
  • MGH Institute of Health Professions, School of Nursing
  • Practicing Clinician, Portland Free Clinic

Gregory Simon, MD, MPH
  • Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute
  • University of Washington Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Stephen M Simons, MD, FACSM
  • Co-Director
  • South Bend-Notre Dame Sports Medicine Fellowship

Jodi Smith, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Judith A Smith, PharmD, BCOP, CPHQ, FCCP, FISOPP
  • Associate Professor and Director
  • Women's Health Integrative Medicine Research Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Roger P Smith, MD
  • Assistant Dean for Graduate Medical Education
  • Professor of Clinical Biologic Sciences
  • Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University

Peter J Snyder, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Endocrinology
  • Section Editor — Pituitary Disease; Male Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jack D Sobel, MD
  • Professor
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Roland Solensky, MD
  • Lecturer
  • Oregon State University/Oregon Health and Science University College of Pharmacy

Daniel H Solomon, MD, MPH
  • Matthew H. Liang Distinguished Chair in Arthritis and Population Health
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Manu R Sood, FRCPCH, MD
  • Professor and Chief
  • Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Medical College of Wisconsin

Jeffrey A Sosman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern

Stuart J Spechler, MD
  • Chief, Division of Gastroenterology
  • Co-Director, Center for Esophageal Diseases
  • Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas
  • Investigator/Professor
  • Co-Director, Center for Esophageal Research
  • Baylor Scott and White Research Institute

Frederick A Spencer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • McMaster University

Jeanne Spencer, MD
  • Program Director
  • Conemaugh Family Medicine Residency

F Bruder Stapleton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pediatrics
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

Valerie L Staradub, MD, FACS
  • Director, Breast Care Program
  • Western Connecticut Health Network

Ann R Stark, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Wendy Stead, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrew J Stephenson, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chief, Section of Urologic Oncology
  • Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

David B Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Penn State Hershey Medical Center

Elizabeth A Stewart, MD
  • Consultant and Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School

Stephan Stilgenbauer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Ulm University

James K Stoller, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Jean Wall Bennett Professor of Medicine, Samson Global Leadership Academy Endowed Chair
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chairman, Education Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Dale W Stovall, MD
  • Ob/Gyn Chair and Residency Program Director
  • Methodist Hospital

Jeffrey Stovall, MD
  • Associate Professor of Psychiatry
  • Vanderbilt School of Medicine

Thomas G Stovall, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Tennessee

J Michael Straughn, Jr, MD
  • Professor
  • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Kingman P Strohl, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Biophysics
  • Case Western Reserve University

Alison Stuebe, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Heidi Swygard, MD, MPH
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Alphonse Taghian, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Radiation Oncology
  • Harvard Medical School

Daniel Tarsy, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Angela Tewari, MBBS, BSc, MRCP, PhD
  • King’s College, London

Karl W Thomas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine - Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology
  • Wake Forest School of Medicine

Amy Thompson, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Sidney Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University

B Taylor Thompson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Derrick J Todd, MD, PhD
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Andrea Tringali, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Digestive Endoscopy Unit
  • Catholic University of Rome

Naiwen D Tu, MD
  • Pediatrician
  • Texas Children's Pediatrics - Pediatric Medical Group

Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Milton Leong Chair in Reproductive Medicine
  • McGill University, Canada

Teri Lee Turner, MD, MPH, MEd
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Santhi Swaroop Vege, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

PJW Venables, MA, MB BChir, MD, FRCP
  • Professor of Viral Immunorheumatology
  • Kennedy Institute, Oxford University

Anthony J Viera, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Arnold Wald, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison

Ellen R Wald, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Daniel J Wallace, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
  • The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Christine A Wanke, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Mark A Ward, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Marilyn Weigner, MD, FACC
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Steven E Weinberger, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
  • American College of Physicians

Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Tropical Medicine
  • William Bosworth Castle Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
  • Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health

C Edward Wells, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Corrine K Welt, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Howard J West, MD
  • Section Editor — Lung Cancer
  • Medical Director
  • Thoracic Oncology Program
  • Swedish Cancer Institute (Seattle)

William L Weston, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Dermatology
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

William L Whittier, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Rush University Medical Center

Fredrick M Wigley, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Arek Wiktor, MD, FACS
  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Burn, Trauma, Critical Care
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Angus Wilfong, MD
  • Chief of Neurology
  • Barrow Neurologic Institute at Phoenix Children's Hospital

David F Williams, PhD
  • Courtesy Professor of Entomology and Nematology
  • University of Florida (Gainesville)

Harland S Winter, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronald J Wong, BA
  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Charles R Woods, MD, MS
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Louisville School of Medicine

R Joshua Wootton, MDiv, PhD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Jason D Wright, MD
  • Sol Goldman Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Chief, Division of Gynecologic Oncology
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Catheryn Yashar, MD
  • Associate Professor of Radiation Medicine and Applied Sciences
  • University of California San Diego

Antony R Young, PhD
  • Professor
  • St John's Institute of Dermatology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine
  • King's College London, London, United Kingdom

G Bryan Young, MD, FRCPC
  • Professor of Neurology
  • University of Western Ontario, Canada

David T Yu, MD
  • Emeritus Professor
  • University of California Los Angeles

Salam F Zakko, MD, FACP
  • Executive Director, Connecticut Gastroenterology Institute
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Jonathan M Zand, PharmD BCPS
  • Senior Associate Editor – Drug Information