Contents Authors and Editors Allergy and Immunology
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Authors and Editors in Allergy and Immunology

Editors-in-Chief



Bruce S Bochner, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Adult Allergy; Asthma
  • Samuel M Feinberg Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

E Richard Stiehm, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Distinguished Research Professor of Pediatrics
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Robert A Wood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Deputy Editors



Anna M Feldweg, MD
  • Director, Editorial Management — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Allergy and Immunology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Part-time
  • Harvard Medical School

Elizabeth TePas, MD, MS
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Allergy and Immunology
  • Deputy Editor — Pediatrics
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Section Editors



N Franklin Adkinson, Jr, MD
  • Section Editor — Drug Allergy
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Bruce S Bochner, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Adult Allergy; Asthma
  • Samuel M Feinberg Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Francisco A Bonilla, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Jonathan Corren, MD
  • Section Editor — Rhinitis and Sinusitis
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Peter S Creticos, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunotherapy
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Helen V Firth, DM, FRCP, DCH
  • Section Editor — Genetics
  • Consultant Clinical Geneticist
  • Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK

David B Golden, MD
  • Section Editor — Bites and Stings
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Sihoun Hahn, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Genetics
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital

John M Kelso, MD
  • Section Editor – Anaphylaxis
  • Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
  • Scripps Clinic, San Diego, CA

Marisa Klein-Gitelman, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Chief, Division of Rheumatology
  • Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Thomas JA Lehman, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Cornell University Medical College

Luigi D Notarangelo, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Bethesda, MD

Jordan S Orange, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Chief of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Texas Children's Hospital

Jennifer M Puck, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Francisco

Sarbjit Saini, MD
  • Section Editor — Urticaria and Angioedema
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Scott H Sicherer, MD, FAAAAI
  • Section Editor — Food Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

E Richard Stiehm, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Distinguished Research Professor of Pediatrics
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Robert Sundel, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert A Wood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Editorial Assistants



Aisling D Francoeur, BA
  • Senior Development Editor — UpToDate

Elizabeth Packer, MA
  • Senior Editorial Assistant — UpToDate

Authors



Judith A Aberg, MD
  • Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • George Baehr Professor of Medicine
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Loutfi Sami Aboussouan, MD
  • Staff
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Clara Abraham, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University

Vikki M Abrahams, PhD
  • Associate Professor
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Elaine J Abrams, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • Columbia University

Seema S Aceves, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Rady Children's Hospital, San Diiego

Ian M Adcock, FSB
  • Professor of Cell & Molecular Biology, Airways Disease Section
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London

Nezam H Afdhal, MD, FRCPI
  • Senior Physician in Hepatology
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Asghar Aghamohammadi, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Sam Ahn, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine/Pediatrics
  • University of Arizona School of Medicine

Wei Ai, MD, PhD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Mübeccel Akdis, MD, PhD
  • Head of Immunodermatology
  • Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF)

Cem Akin, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan

Praveen Akuthota, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Diego

Doerthe A Andreae, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Penn State Medical Center

Rajesh Aneja, MD, FAAP
  • Associate Professor
  • Department of Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Gerald B Appel, MD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Andrea J Apter, MD, MSc, MA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Section of Allergy & Immunology, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care Medicine
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Steven M Archer, MD
  • Professor
  • University of Michigan, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

Riccardo Asero, MD
  • Head Ambulatorio di Allergologia
  • Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano (MI), Italy

Jon C Aster, MD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Harvard Medical School

John P Atkinson, MD
  • Samuel B Grant Professor of Medicine
  • Professor of Molecular Microbiology
  • Chief, Division Rheumatology
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Antoine Azar, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

John W Baddley, MD, MSPH
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Birmingham VA Medical Center
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Ronald C Balkissoon, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Health Sciences Center

Zuhair K Ballas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Iowa

Mark Ballow, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • All Children’s Hospital
  • University of South Florida School of Medicine

Aleena Banerji, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Training Program Director
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Kathleen C Barnes, PhD
  • Director, Biomedical Informatics and Personalized Medicine Center and Division
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Peter J Barnes, DM, DSc, FRCP, FRS
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Asthma
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London

John G Bartlett, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — HIV; Pulmonary Infections
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Michael Barza, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Maria G Belvisi, PhD
  • Professor of Respiratory Pharmacology
  • National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London

Nancy Berliner, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Chief, Division of Hematology
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital

Bonnie L Bermas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

David I Bernstein, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Medicine and Environmental Health
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Leonard Bielory, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Thomas Jefferson University Kimmel School of Medicine
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Rutgers University

Jack JH Bleesing, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Kimberly G Blumenthal, MD, MSc
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

S Allan Bock, MD
  • Research Affiliate, Department of Pediatrics
  • National Jewish Health
  • Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Francisco A Bonilla, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Peter A L Bonis, MD
  • Chief Medical Officer of Clinical Effectiveness (UpToDate, Clinical Drug Information, and Emmi Solutions)
  • Deputy Editor — Gastroenterology/Hepatology
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Louis-Philippe Boulet, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Laval University

Lee H Bouwman, MD, PhD, FEBVS
  • Vascular Surgeon
  • Atrium Medical Center, Heerlen, The Netherlands

Melinda J Braskett, MD
  • Assistant Professor, Clinical Pediatrics
  • Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy
  • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
  • Keck School of Medicine at University of Southern California

Nancy L Breisch, PhD
  • Senior Research Associate
  • University of Maryland

Heimo Breiteneder, PhD
  • Professor of Medical Biotechnology
  • Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Jerry D Brewer, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Dermatology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Kees Brinkman, MD, PhD
  • Department of Internal Medicine
  • Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Maarten W Bronkhorst, MD, PhD, FEBS, FRCS
  • Attending Trauma Surgeon
  • Haaglanden Medical Center

Wesley Burks, MD
  • Executive Dean
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Robert Bush, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison

Stephen B Calderwood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology)
  • Harvard Medical School

Angela M Caliendo, MD, PhD
  • Executive Vice Chair of Medicine
  • Brown University

Matthew E Call, PhD
  • Head of Laboratory, Structural Biology Division
  • The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
  • Department of Medical Biology
  • The University of Melbourne

Ronna L Campbell, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Fabio Candotti, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)

Tara F Carr, MD, FAAAAI
  • Assistant Professor, Medicine and Otolaryngology
  • Department of Medicine, University of Arizona

André Cartier, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Montreal Medical School, Canada

Thomas B Casale, MD
  • Executive Vice President, American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of South Florida

Nathalie Casau-Schulhof, MD
  • Attending Physician in Infectious Diseases
  • St. Francis Medical Center, Long Island, NY

Mariana C Castells, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Michelle S Cespedes, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor
  • Division of Infectious Disease
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Nelson J Chao, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University School of Medicine

W Winn Chatham, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Talal Chatila, MD
  • Denise and David Bunning Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • The Boston Children's Hospital

Melvin D Cheitlin, MD
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Chia-Yu Chu, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor - Department of Dermatology
  • National Taiwan University Hospital

Marco Cicardi, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy

Thomas D Coates, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology
  • University of Southern California School of Medicine

Sachiko T Cochran, MD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • UCLA School of Medicine

Myron S Cohen, MD
  • Professor of Medicine, Microbiology, Immunology and Public Health
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

John R Cohn, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Thomas Jefferson University

Scott P Commins, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Timothy P Cooley, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Morton J Cowan, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Francisco

Gary M Cox, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Peter S Creticos, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunotherapy
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, MD, PhD
  • David S Gottesman Professor of Immunology
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Judith S Currier, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, Los Angeles

Susan Cu-Uvin, MD
  • Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Medicine
  • Brown University

Johanna Daily, MD, MSc
  • Section Editor — Malaria
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Reza Dana, MD, MPH, MSc
  • Claes Dohlman Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Harvard Medical School

Demetre C Daskalakis, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Mark DP Davis, MD
  • Professor of Dermatology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Fatma Dedeoglu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

John F Deeken, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Associate Director for Medical Oncology and Clinical Research
  • Inova Comprehensive Cancer and Research Institute

Jeffrey G Demain, MD, FAAAAI
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Richard D deShazo, MD
  • Billy S Guyton Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Rajiv Dhand, MD, FCCP, FACP, FAARC
  • Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine
  • University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine

John P Dice, MD
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Private Practice

Mitchell P Dombrowski, MD
  • Professor and Chief, Department of Ob/Gyn
  • Saint John Hospital
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine

Jayme Dowdall, MD
  • Instructor, Department of Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

Scott Dryden-Peterson, MD
  • Assistant Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lawrence DuBuske, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC

Raed A Dweik, MD, FACP, FCCP, FRCP(C), FCCM, FAHA
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine

Philippe A Eigenmann, MD
  • Geneva University Hospitals, Pediatric Allergy
  • University of Geneva

Keith Elkon, MD
  • Mannik-Henderson Professor of Medicine
  • Head, Division of Rheumatology
  • University of Washington

Dirk M Elston, MD
  • Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Robert E Esch, PhD
  • Adjunct Professor, School of Natural Sciences
  • Lenoir-Rhyne University

Amos Etzioni, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology
  • The Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa

Christopher H Fanta, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Anna M Feldweg, MD
  • Director, Editorial Management — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Allergy and Immunology
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Part-time
  • Harvard Medical School

David J Feller-Kopman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Hospital

Fernando C Fervenza, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Glomerular Diseases
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Kevin R Flaherty, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Steven Flamm, MD
  • Chief, Liver Transplantation Program
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Feinberg School of Medicine
  • Northwestern University

David M Fleischer, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Thomas A Fleisher, MD
  • Chief, Department of Laboratory Medicine
  • National Institutes of Health Clinical Center

Patricia M Flynn, MD
  • Member, Department of Infectious Diseases
  • St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee, Memphis

Mary Glenn Fowler, MD, MPH
  • Professor, Department of Pathology
  • Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes

Michael M Frank, MD
  • Samuel L. Katz Professor of Pediatrics
  • Duke University Medical Center

Roy Freeman, MD
  • Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Theodore Freeman, MD
  • San Antonio Asthma and Allergy Clinic

Timothy J Friel, MD
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine

Daniel E Furst, MD
  • Section Editor — Treatment Issues in Rheumatology
  • Clinical professor, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Clinical professor, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
  • Professor of Rheumatology, University of California in Los Angeles (Emeritus)
  • Director of Research, Pacific Arthritis Associates

Glenn T Furuta, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Rajesh T Gandhi, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Christopher Gappy, MD
  • Clinical Instructor
  • University of Michigan, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

Andrew Gennery, MD
  • Clinical Reader/Consultant
  • Newcastle University

Lynn B Gerald, PhD, MSPH
  • Endowed Chair and Professor
  • Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona

Susan L Gillespie, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Marshall J Glesby, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine, Healthcare Policy, and Research
  • Weill Cornell Medical College

Stephen J Gluckman, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jerome Goddard, PhD
  • Extension Professor of Medical and Veterinary Entomology
  • Mississippi State University

Adam O Goldstein, MD, MPH
  • Professor
  • Department of Family Medicine
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Beth G Goldstein, MD
  • Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
  • Department of Dermatology
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Nirmala Gonsalves, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Erika Gonzalez-Reyes, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Carmen Gota, MD
  • Orthopedic and Rheumatologic Institute at Cleveland Clinic
  • Center for Vasculitis Care and Research at Cleveland clinic

Jason Gotlib, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Geoffrey S Gottlieb, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine/Infectious Diseases
  • Adjunct Professor of Global Health
  • University of Washington School of Medicine

David F Graft, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Minnesota Medical School

Leslie C Grammer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Albert Greene, PhD
  • Entomologist and National IPM Coordinator
  • US General Services Administration

Marion Groetch, MS, RD, CDN
  • Director of Nutrition Services
  • Jaffe Food Allergy Institute
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Jerome E Groopman, MD
  • Dina and Raphael Recanati Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Eyal Grunebaum, MD
  • Associate Professor in Pediatrics
  • University of Toronto

Michael Gurish, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Autumn Chandler Guyer, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Ian P Hall, MD
  • Professor in Molecular Medicine
  • University Hospital, Nottingham, UK

Robert Hallowell, MD
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Daniel L Hamilos, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Physician
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

Robert G Hamilton, PhD, DABMLI, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Pedram Hamrah, MD
  • New England Eye Center/Tufts Medical Center
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Susan M Harding, MD, FCCP, AGAF
  • Section Editor — Diagnostic Testing
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Kohei Hasegawa, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

David Heiden, MD
  • Department of Ophthalmology
  • California Pacific Medical Center
  • San Francisco, CA
  • Medical Director, AIDS Eye Initiative
  • Seva Foundation
  • Berkeley, CA

Lucie Heinzerling, MD, PhD, MPH
  • Professor
  • University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany

Leslie Hendeles, PharmD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Florida

Vivian P Hernandez-Trujillo, MD
  • Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Herbert Wertheim School of Medicine
  • Florida International University

Dean Hess, RRT, PhD
  • Teaching Associate
  • Harvard Medical School

Patricia L Hibberd, MD, PhD
  • Chair, Department of Global Health
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Whitney A High, MD
  • Associate Professor of Dermatology and Dermatopathology
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Harry R Hill, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Pathology, and Internal Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Mary Beth Hogan, MD
  • Vice Chair of Pediatric Research
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Medicine

Steven M Holland, MD
  • Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases
  • National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD

Sandra J Hong, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Northeast Ohio Medical University
  • Staff
  • Cleveland Clinic Foundation

C Robert Horsburgh, Jr, MD, MUS
  • Professor of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Medicine
  • Boston University School of Public Health

Terzah M Horton, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor, Hematology Oncology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Robert W Hostoffer, DO, FACOP, FAAP, FACOI, FCCP
  • Associate Professor
  • Case Western Reserve University
  • Professor
  • Ohio University

William Howe, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Brenna Hughes, MD, MSc
  • Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Duke University

Gene G Hunder, MD
  • Section Editor — Vasculitis
  • Emeritus Consultant
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Peter H Hwang, MD
  • Professor
  • Chief, Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Emily P Hyle, MD
  • Instructor
  • Harvard Medical School

Michael Ieong, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Boston University School of Medicine

Charles G Irvin, PhD, FERS
  • Professor
  • University of Vermont Department of Medicine

Richard S Irwin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Elliot Israel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Deborah S Jacobs, MD
  • Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Part-Time
  • Harvard Medical School

Mark A Jacobson, MD
  • Clinical Health Sciences Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Kirsi M Jarvinen-Seppo, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine

Grace John-Stewart, MD
  • Professor, Departments of Medicine, Global Health, and Epidemiology
  • University of Washington

Christine Johnston, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington

Richard B Johnston, Jr, MD
  • Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine
  • National Jewish Health

Stephen Jolles, BSc Hons, MBChB Hons, MSc, PhD, FRCP, FRCPath
  • Consultant Clinical Immunologist & Honorary Senior Lecturer
  • Immunodeficiency Centre for Wales
  • University Hospital of Wales

Jose Joseph-Vempilly, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • UCSF, Fresno

Sujani Kakumanu, MD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin Medical School and Public Health
  • Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital

Lawrence D Kaplan, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Norman M Kaplan, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Hypertension
  • Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Stephen Kells, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Entomology
  • University of Minnesota

John M Kelso, MD
  • Section Editor – Anaphylaxis
  • Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
  • Scripps Clinic, San Diego, CA

Stephen F Kemp, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

David A Khan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

Arthur Y Kim, MD, FIDSA
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Susan Kim, MD, MMSc
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Francisco

Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
  • Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Dean, School of Medicine
  • Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
  • University of California San Francisco

Steven Kleinman, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Clinical Professor of Pathology
  • University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Amy D Klion, MD
  • Baltimore, MD

Paul E Klotman, MD
  • President, CEO, and Executive Dean
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Alan P Knutsen, MD
  • Director, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
  • Director, Jeffery Modell Center for Primary Immunodeficiencies
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • St. Louis University Health Sciences Center

Igor J Koralnik, MD
  • Jean Schweppe Armour Professor of Neurology and Medicine
  • Rush Medical College
  • Chair, Department of Neurological Sciences
  • Section Chief, Neuroinfectious Disease
  • Rush University Medical Center

Krzysztof Kowal, MD
  • Department of Allergy and Internal Diseases
  • University Medical School, Bialystok, Poland

Michael J Kozal, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Yale University School of Medicine

Douglas Krakower, MD
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
  • Research Scientist, The Fenway Institute

Guha Krishnaswamy, MD, FACP, FCCP, FACAAI, FAAAI, CC-D
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Attila Kumánovics, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pathology
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Irving Kushner, MD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • Case Western Reserve University

Robert A Kyle, MD
  • Section Editor — Plasma Cell Disorders
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Medical School

Denis Lafreniere, MD
  • Professor and Chief of the Division of Otolaryngology
  • University of Connecticut Health Center

Tanya M Laidlaw, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Alan M Lake, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Timothy R LaPine, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

Dennis K Ledford, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of South Florida

Matthew R Leibowitz, MD
  • Chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Newton-Wellesley Hospital

Michael D Leise, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Robert F Lemanske, Jr, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health at Madison, WI

Catherine Lemière, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Montreal Medical School

Alyssa R Letourneau, MD
  • Instructor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Jerrold H Levy, MD, FAHA, FCCM
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Co-Director, Cardiothoracic ICU
  • Duke University Hospital

Ofer Levy, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor
  • Harvard Medical School

Xiu-Min Li, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Immunobiology
  • Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Howard Libman, MD, FACP
  • Deputy Editor — Primary Care (Adult)
  • Professor of Medicine, Emeritus
  • Harvard Medical School

Rodger A Liddle, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical School

Phillip L Lieberman, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee College of Medicine

M Kathryn Liszewski, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Augusto A Litonjua, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Golisano Children's Hospital of University of Rochester Medical Center

Mark Liu, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Aidan Long, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Fred A Lopez, MD
  • Richard Vial Professor and Vice Chair
  • Louisiana State University School of Medicine

Douglas R Lotz, MD
  • Clinical Instructor in Pediatrics (Gratis)
  • University of Louisville School of Medicine

Gregory M Lucas, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

Gary Maartens, MBChB, MMed
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cape Town, South Africa

J Mark Madison, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Physiological Systems
  • University of Massachusetts Medical School

Norman M Mann, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Richard J Martin, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine

Ursula A Matulonis, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Director/Program Leader
  • Medical Gynecologic Oncology
  • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Marcus Maurer, MD
  • Professor of Dermatology and Allergy
  • Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Toby Maurer, MD
  • Professor of Dermatology
  • University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine

Kenneth H Mayer, MD
  • Infectious Disease Attending and Director of HIV Prevention Research
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Medical Research Director
  • The Fenway Institute

Jennifer W McCallister, MD, FACP, FCCP
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Internal Medicine
  • The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Meredith C McCormack, MD, MHS
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Medical Director, Pulmonary Function Laboratory Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Johns Hopkins University

Douglas McDonald, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Boston Children's Hospital
  • Harvard Medical School

Malcolm McDonald, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA
  • Associate Professor
  • School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University

Iain B McInnes, FRCP, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Glasgow

Dick Menzies, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine and of Epidemiology & Biostatistics
  • Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University

Rachel Miller, MD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine (In Pediatrics) and Environmental Health Sciences
  • NYPH/Columbia University

Jeffrey E Ming, MD, PhD
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Payam Mohammadinejad, MD
  • Research Fellow
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Anthony Montanaro, MD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Oregon Health and Science University

Rachel A Nardin, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Neurology
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert S Negrin, MD
  • Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Harold Nelson, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • National Jewish Health
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Patrick Niaudet, MD
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France

Tim Niehues, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • HELIOS Klinikum Krefeld
  • Academic Hospital, RWTH Aachen University

Karin Nielsen-Saines, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Sally A Noone, RN, MSN
  • Clinical Research Manager
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Luigi D Notarangelo, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Bethesda, MD

Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Paul M O'Byrne, MB, FRSC
  • EJ Moran Campbell Professor
  • McMaster University, Canada

Hans D Ochs, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington

Puneet Opal, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

Jordan S Orange, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Chief of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Texas Children's Hospital

Liron Pantanowitz, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pathology
  • University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Nereida A Parada, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Environmental Medicine
  • Tul

Kenneth Paris, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans

Rodolfo Pascual, MD
  • Associate Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Mark S Pasternack, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Zara M Patel, MD
  • Assistant Professor
  • Division of Rhinology
  • Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • Stanford University School of Medicine

Sarita U Patil, MD
  • Allergy and Immunology Fellow
  • Massachusetts General Hospital

David Peden, MD
  • Harry S. Andrews Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics
  • The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Stanford L Peng, MD, PhD
  • Clinical Assistant Professor
  • University of Washington

Elena E Perez, MD, PhD
  • Associate
  • Allergy Associates of the Palm Beaches

John R Perfect, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Holly Perry, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

Stephen Peters, MD, PhD, FACP, FCCP, FAAAAI, FCPP
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Marc Peters-Golden, MD
  • Professor of Internal Medicine
  • University of Michigan Health System

Werner J Pichler, MD
  • Professor of Clinical Immunology (Emeritus)
  • University of Bern, Switzerland

Andrew A Pieper, MD, PhD
  • Investigator, The Harrington Discovery Institute
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • Case Western Reserve University

Thomas A E Platts-Mills, MD, PhD
  • Professor and Division Chief
  • University of Virginia Medical School

Todd M Pollack, MD
  • Assistant Professor in Medicine, Part-time
  • Harvard Medical School

Jay M Portnoy, MD
  • Chief, Section of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
  • Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics

Manuel Praga, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Complutense University, Madrid

Susan Prescott, MBBS, FRACP, PhD
  • Winthrop Professor and Pediatric Allergist and Immunologist
  • University of Western Australia

Richard W Price, MD
  • Professor Emeritus (Active)
  • Neurology UCSF
  • San Francisco General Hospital

Jennifer M Puck, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Francisco

Thomas C Quinn, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins Medical Institute

Benjamin A Raby, MD, MPH
  • Section Editor — Genetics
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Rima Rachid, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Boston Children's Hospital

Priya Rajendran, MD
  • Clinical Instructor
  • University of California, San Francisco

Nima Rezaei, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Immunology
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Nicholas L Rider, DO
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Allergy and Immunology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

William R Robinson, MD
  • Professor of Gynecologic Oncology
  • Tulane Medical School

Dario Roccatello, MD
  • Professor of Nephrology and Clinical Pathology
  • University of Turin Medical School

Robin Rockhold, PhD
  • Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Associate Professor (Research) of Emergency Medicine
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Jürgen Kurt Rockstroh, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Department of Medicine I, University of Bonn, Germany

Diana Rodriguez-Thompson, MD, MPH
  • Clinical Instructor in Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
  • Harvard Medical School

Chaim M Roifman, MD, FRCPC, FCACB
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Antonino Romano, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
  • Presidio Columbus, Rome, Italy

Noel R Rose, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pathology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Harold N Rosen, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Sergio D Rosenzweig, MD
  • Department of Laboratory Medicine

Marc E Rothenberg, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Florence Roufosse, MD
  • Erasme Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Jean-Claude Roujeau, MD
  • Section Editor — Drug Eruptions
  • Emeritus Professor of Dermatology
  • Université Paris-Est Créteil (UPEC), Créteil, France

John M Routes, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Medicine, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
  • Department of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

James L Rubenstein, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology
  • University of California, San Francisco

Arye Rubinstein, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics Microbiology and Immunology
  • Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Hospital Medical Center

Kenneth G Saag, MD, MSc
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

Sarbjit Saini, MD
  • Section Editor — Urticaria and Angioedema
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Andrew D Samel, MD
  • Affiliate Staff Member
  • Sturdy Memorial Hospital

Jonathan M Samet, MD, MS
  • Dean
  • Colorado School of Public Health

Charles V Sanders, MD
  • Edgar Hull Professor and Chair
  • Louisiana State University School of Medicine New Orleans

Michael P Savage, MD
  • Ralph J Roberts Professor of Cardiology
  • Thomas Jefferson University

Deirdre Sawinski, MD, FAST
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Assistant Medical Director, Kidney Pancreas Transplantation
  • Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division
  • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Paul E Sax, MD
  • Section Editor — HIV
  • Clinical Director, Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

David T Scadden, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Morris Schambelan, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of California San Francisco

Michael Schatz, MD, MS
  • Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego School of Medicine

Rodney J Schlosser, MD
  • Professor and Director of Rhinology and Sinus Surgery
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Peter H Schur, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Rheumatology
  • Section Editor — Basic Science
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Lawrence B Schwartz, MD
  • Charles and Evelyn Thomas Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University

Markus G Seidel, MD
  • Professor of Translational Pediatric Hematology and Immunology
  • Medical University of Graz

Christine M Seroogy, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Wisconsin Medical School

Marc Serota, MD
  • Associate Professor of Dermatology and Allergy
  • Denver VA Medical Center and Denver University

Sanjeev Sethi, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

Daniel J Sexton, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Duke University Medical Center

Jo Shapiro, MD
  • Associate Professor of Otology and Laryngology
  • Harvard Medical School

James H Shelhamer, MD
  • Deputy Chief, Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center
  • National Institutes of Health

Kenneth E Sherman, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Wayne G Shreffler, MD, PhD
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Harvard Medical School

Scott H Sicherer, MD, FAAAAI
  • Section Editor — Food Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Arthur J Silvergleid, MD
  • Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
  • Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
  • University of South Florida, College of Medicine
  • Medical Director, OneBlood, Inc.

Ronald C Silvestri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ronald A Simon, MD
  • Adjunct Professor, Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine
  • Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA

Raymond G Slavin, MD, MS
  • Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Saint Louis University School of Medicine

John Kelly Smith, MD
  • Fellow and Laureate ACP
  • Emeritus Professor of Medicine
  • James H Quillen College of Medicine
  • East Tennessee State University

Scott B Snapper, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Marianna Sockrider, MD, DrPH
  • Associate Professor of Pediatric Pulmonology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Roland Solensky, MD
  • Lecturer
  • Oregon State University/Oregon Health and Science University College of Pharmacy

Daniel H Solomon, MD, MPH
  • Matthew H. Liang Distinguished Chair in Arthritis and Population Health
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Ricardo U Sorensen, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • LSU Health Science Center

Frederick S Southwick, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Florida

Jonathan M Spergel, MD, PhD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Timothy R Sterling, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Richard H Sterns, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
  • Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

E Richard Stiehm, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Distinguished Research Professor of Pediatrics
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Jeff Stokes, MD, FAAAAI, FACAAI
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine

James K Stoller, MD, MS
  • Section Editor — Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Jean Wall Bennett Professor of Medicine, Samson Global Leadership Academy Endowed Chair
  • Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
  • Chairman, Education Institute, Cleveland Clinic

Diane E Stover, MD
  • Editor — Respiratory Infections
  • Chief, Pulmonary Service
  • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Scott Stringer, MD
  • Professor of Otolaryngology and Communicative Sciences
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

David L Swanson, MD
  • Associate Professor of Dermatology
  • Mayo Clinic

Pablo Tebas, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania

Elizabeth TePas, MD, MS
  • Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
  • Deputy Editor — Allergy and Immunology
  • Deputy Editor — Pediatrics
  • Instructor in Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Chloe L Thio, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University

Chandler Thompson, DMA, MS, CCC-SLP
  • Speech-Language Pathologist/Professional Voice, Department of Otolaryngology
  • Weill Cornell Medicine, The Sean Parker Institute for the Voice

Carey C Thomson, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor,
  • Harvard Medical School

James M Tracy, DO
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine
  • Creighton University School of Medicine
  • Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Nebraska School of Medicine

Glenn J Treisman, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Professor of Medicine
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Gulbu Uzel, MD
  • Clinical Investigator
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
  • National Institutes of Health

Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, MD
  • Associate Professor in Medicine (Geriatrics)
  • Yale University School of Medicine

John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

James Verbsky, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Richard S Vetter, MS
  • Department of Entomology
  • University of California, Riverside

Sebastien Viatte, MD, PhD
  • Lecturer in Genetics
  • Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics
  • The University of Manchester, UK

Anna Wald, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Medicine
  • University of Washington

Julie Wang, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Marilene B Wang, MD
  • Professor, Division of Head and Neck Surgery
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Christine A Wanke, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Public Health
  • Tufts University School of Medicine

David J Weber, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • University of North Carolina Schools of Medicine and Public Health

Melissa Weinberg, MD
  • Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of California, San Francisco

Miles Weinberger, MD
  • Professor Emeritus
  • University of Iowa

Steven E Weinberger, MD
  • Adjunct Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
  • American College of Physicians

Scott T Weiss, MD, MS
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School

Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
  • Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
  • Section Editor — Tropical Medicine
  • William Bosworth Castle Professor of Medicine
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
  • Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health

Mark H Wener, MD
  • Section Editor — Diagnostic Issues in Rheumatology
  • Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Medicine/Rheumatology
  • University of Washington

Sally Wenzel, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Pittsburgh

Christina West, MD, PhD
  • Department of Clinical Sciences
  • Pediatrics Umeå University, Sweden

William L Weston, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Dermatology
  • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Julian White, AM, MB, BS, MD, FACTM
  • Professor
  • The University of Adelaide

C Mel Wilcox, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham

David F Williams, PhD
  • Courtesy Professor of Entomology and Nematology
  • University of Florida (Gainesville)

Nevin W Wilson, MD
  • Professor and Chairman of Pediatrics
  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Medicine

Cameron Wolfe, MBBS (Hons)
  • Director Biopreparedness
  • Duke Preparedness & Response Center
  • Division of Infectious Diseases
  • Duke University

Robert A Wood, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Pediatric Allergy
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Eveline Wu, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Christina M Wyatt, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

David L Wyles, MD
  • Associate Professor of Medicine
  • Denver Health

Leman Yel, MD
  • Associate Professor Emeritus of Clinical Medicine
  • University of California

Lisa R Young, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Atefeh Zeinoddini, MD
  • Research Fellow at Research Center for Immunodeficiencies
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Bruce Zuraw, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego

Peer Reviewers



Seema S Aceves, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Rady Children's Hospital, San Diiego

Chester Alper, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Carlos A Bacino, MD, FACMG
  • Professor of Molecular and Human Genetics
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Mark Ballow, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • All Children’s Hospital
  • University of South Florida School of Medicine

Edward M Behrens, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Jonathan A Bernstein, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Michael S Blaiss, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Bruce S Bochner, MD
  • Editor-in-Chief — Allergy and Immunology
  • Section Editor — Adult Allergy; Asthma
  • Samuel M Feinberg Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Francisco A Bonilla, MD, PhD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Susan L Bratton, MD, MPH
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine
  • University of Utah School of Medicine

David Broide, MBChB
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of California San Diego

Rebecca H Buckley, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology
  • Duke University School of Medicine

Robert Bush, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Medicine
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison

Ronna L Campbell, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
  • Mayo Clinic

Melody C Carter, MD
  • Staff Clinician
  • National Institutes of Health

Talal Chatila, MD
  • Denise and David Bunning Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School
  • The Boston Children's Hospital

Bradley E Chipps, MD
  • Capital Allergy & Respiratory Disease Center

Timothy Craig, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • Pennsylvania State University

Jason Debley, MD, MPH
  • Associate Professor, Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonary Medicine
  • Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington School of Medicine

Richard D deShazo, MD
  • Billy S Guyton Distinguished Professor
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Damon Eisen, MBBS, MD, FRACP
  • Professor of Medicine, Townsville
  • College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University
  • Director of Clinical Research, Infectious Diseases Physician
  • Townsville Hospital and Health Service

Alejandro Escobar-Gutiérrez, PhD
  • Department for Immunology Research
  • Institute of Epidemiological Diagnosis and Reference
  • Health Secretariat
  • Mexico City, Mexico

Henry M Feder, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Family Medicine
  • University of Connecticut Health Center

Theodore Freeman, MD
  • San Antonio Asthma and Allergy Clinic

Robert C Fuhlbrigge, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Colorado School of Medicine

Maria I Garcia-Lloret, MD, MS
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Lene Heise Garvey, MD, PhD
  • Specialist in Anesthesiology, Subspecialist in Allergology
  • Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Denmark

Andrew Gennery, MD
  • Clinical Reader/Consultant
  • Newcastle University

Paul Allen Greenberger, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Bodo Grimbacher, MD
  • Centre of Chronic Immunodeficiency
  • University Medical Centre Freiburg

Alexei A Grom, MD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati

Gary N Gross, MD
  • Clinical Professor Internal Medicine
  • University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Sudhir Gupta, MD, PhD, MACP
  • Professor of Medicine, Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, and Microbiology & Molecular Genetics
  • Chief, Basic and Clinical Immunology
  • University of California, Irvine

Kathleen M Gura, PharmD, BCNSP, FASHP
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Robert G Hamilton, PhD, DABMLI, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine and Pathology
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Derralynn Hughes, MD
  • Senior Lecturer Honorary Consultant
  • University College London
  • Royal Free London

Allen P Kaplan, MD
  • Clinical Professor
  • Medical University of South Carolina

Corinne Keet, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

John M Kelso, MD
  • Section Editor – Anaphylaxis
  • Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
  • Scripps Clinic, San Diego, CA

Stephen F Kemp, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Mississippi Medical Center

Carolyn M Kercsmar, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Cincinnati School of Medicine

David A Khan, MD
  • Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • UT Southwestern Medical Center

Marek L Kowalski, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • Medical University of Lodz, Poland

Richard D Kramer, PhD
  • Entomologist, President
  • Innovative Pest Management

Deidre R Larrier, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology
  • Baylor College of Medicine

Jerrold H Levy, MD, FAHA, FCCM
  • Professor of Anesthesiology
  • Associate Professor of Surgery
  • Co-Director, Cardiothoracic ICU
  • Duke University Hospital

H Henry Li, MD, PhD, CPI
  • Director of Immunology
  • Institute for Asthma and Allergy

Phillip L Lieberman, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
  • University of Tennessee College of Medicine

Nirupama Madduri, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine

Stephen McGeady, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University
  • Attending Physician
  • AI DuPont Hospital for Children

J Lawrence Merritt II, MD
  • Associate Professor
  • University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Children's Hospital

Michael D Nelson, MD, PhD
  • Virginia S. Lang Professor and Vice Chairman of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Washington University School of Medicine

Tim Niehues, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • HELIOS Klinikum Krefeld
  • Academic Hospital, RWTH Aachen University

Luigi D Notarangelo, MD
  • Section Editor — Immunology and Immunodeficiency
  • Bethesda, MD

John Oppenheimer, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Rutgers

Elena E Perez, MD, PhD
  • Associate
  • Allergy Associates of the Palm Beaches

Elizabeth J Phillips, MD, FRCPC, FRACP, FIDSA, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Medicine & Pharmacology
  • John A. Oates Chair in Clinical Research
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center
  • Institute for Immunology & Infectious Diseases

Jay M Portnoy, MD
  • Chief, Section of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
  • Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics

Lisa Prock, MD, MPH
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Nima Rezaei, MD, PhD
  • Assistant Professor of Immunology
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Chaim M Roifman, MD, FRCPC, FCACB
  • Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology
  • University of Toronto, Canada

Lanny J Rosenwasser, MD
  • Professor of Medicine
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine

Kelly A Rouster-Stevens, MD, MS
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Emory University School of Medicine

Anne Rowley, MD
  • Professor of Pediatrics and of Microbiology and Immunology
  • Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Lawrence B Schwartz, MD
  • Charles and Evelyn Thomas Professor of Medicine
  • Virginia Commonwealth University

Reinhard Seger, MD
  • Professor Emeritus of Pediatric Immunology/BMT
  • University Children's Hospital
  • Zürich, Switzerland

Irini Sereti, MD, MHS
  • ID physician
  • Washington, DC

Roland Solensky, MD
  • Lecturer
  • Oregon State University/Oregon Health and Science University College of Pharmacy

Jonathan M Spergel, MD, PhD, FAAAAI
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Joan M Stoler, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • Harvard Medical School

Alan Sugar, MD
  • Professor and Vice Chair, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
  • WK Kellogg Eye Center
  • University of Michigan Medical School

Kathleen Sullivan, MD, PhD
  • Professor of Pediatrics
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Angela Sun, MD
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington School of Medicine
  • Seattle Children's Hospital

Troy R Torgerson, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of Washington
  • Seattle Children's Hospital

James Verbsky, MD, PhD
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
  • Medical College of Wisconsin

Michael E Weiss, MD
  • Clinical Professor of Medicine
  • University of Washington, School of Medicine
  • Northwest Asthma & Allergy Center

Pamela F Weiss, MD, MSCE
  • Associate Professor
  • Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology
  • Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
  • Division of Rheumatology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Michael J Welch, MD, FAAAAI
  • Clinical Professor
  • University of California, San Diego School of Medicine

Kevin L Winthrop, MD, MPH
  • Professor, School of Public Health
  • Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
  • Divisions of Infectious Disease and Ophthalmology,
  • Oregon Health and Sciences University

Robert S Zeiger, MD, PhD
  • Clinical Professor of Pediatrics
  • University of California, San Diego