Medline ® Abstract for Reference 4
of 'Assessment of respiratory distress in the mechanically ventilated patient'
Complications of mechanical ventilation. A bedside approach.
Keith RL, Pierson DJ
Clin Chest Med. 1996;17(3):439.
Instead of cataloging complications reported to occur during mechanical ventilation, the authors have discussed the potential causes for several common scenarios in the management of ventilated patients. These include the new development of hypotension, acute respiratory distress (fighting the ventilator), repeated sounding of the ventilator's high-pressure alarm, hypoxemia, blood from the endotracheal tube, and the problem of diagnosing VAP. In the course of considering likely explanations for this group of circumstances for which the clinician is consulted or called to the bedside, virtually all reported ventilator-associated complications must be discussed. This new approach to an important aspect of ICU care may aid in clinical problem-solving and reduce the likelihood that a diagnosis will be missed or inappropriate measures taken in the absence of a systematic, pathophysiology-based approach.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA.