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Asbestos-related pleuropulmonary disease

Author
Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
Section Editor
Kevin R Flaherty, MD, MS
Deputy Editor
Helen Hollingsworth, MD

INTRODUCTION

Asbestos is the general term for a group of naturally occurring fibers composed of hydrated magnesium silicates. The spectrum of pleuropulmonary disorders associated with asbestos exposure includes [1]:

Asbestosis

Pleural disease (benign asbestos effusion, focal and diffuse benign pleural plaques)

Malignancies (non-small cell and small cell carcinoma of the lung as well as malignant mesothelioma)

Asbestosis specifically refers to the pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers. The disease is characterized by slowly progressive, diffuse pulmonary fibrosis. Asbestosis remains a significant clinical problem despite substantial reductions in occupational asbestos exposure [2].

                     

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Nov 30 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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