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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 69

of 'Approach to the patient following treatment for breast cancer'

Examination of Broad Symptom Improvement Resulting From Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Lengacher CA, Reich RR, Paterson CL, Ramesar S, Park JY, Alinat C, Johnson-Mallard V, Moscoso M, Budhrani-Shani P, Miladinovic B, Jacobsen PB, Cox CE, Goodman M, Kip KE
J Clin Oncol. 2016 Aug;34(24):2827-34. Epub 2016 May 31.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (MBSR[BC]) program in improving psychological and physical symptoms and quality of life among breast cancer survivors (BCSs) who completed treatment. Outcomes were assessed immediately after 6 weeks of MBSR(BC) training and 6 weeks later to test efficacy over an extended timeframe.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 322 BCSs wererandomly assigned to either a 6-week MBSR(BC) program (n = 155) or a usual care group (n = 167). Psychological (depression, anxiety, stress, and fear of recurrence) and physical symptoms (fatigue and pain) and quality of life (as related to health) were assessed at baseline and at 6 and 12 weeks. Linear mixed models were used to assess MBSR(BC) effects over time, and participant characteristics at baseline were also tested as moderators of MBSR(BC) effects.
RESULTS: Results demonstrated extended improvement for the MBSR(BC) group compared with usual care in both psychological symptoms of anxiety, fear of recurrence overall, and fear of recurrence problems and physical symptoms of fatigue severity and fatigue interference (P<.01). Overall effect sizes were largest for fear of recurrence problems (d = 0.35) and fatigue severity (d = 0.27). Moderation effects showed BCSs with the highest levels of stress at baseline experienced the greatest benefit from MBSR(BC).
CONCLUSION: The MBSR(BC) program significantly improved a broad range of symptoms among BCSs up to 6 weeks after MBSR(BC) training, with generally small to moderate overall effect sizes.
Cecile A. Lengacher, Sophia Ramesar, Carissa Alinat, Manolete Moscoso, and Kevin E. Kip, University of South Florida College of Nursing; Jong Y. Park and Paul B. Jacobsen, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute; Branko Miladinovic and Charles E. Cox, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa; Richard R. Reich, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, Manatee; Versie Johnson-Mallard, University of Florida, College of Nursing, Gainesville, FL; Carly L. Paterson, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD; Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Texas Woman's University, Nelda C. Stark College of Nursing, Houston, TX; and Matthew Goodman, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. clengach@health.usf.edu.