Medline ® Abstracts for References 56,57

of 'Approach to the diagnosis and evaluation of low back pain in adults'

56
 
 
McGee S. Evidence-Based Physical Diagnosis, WB Saunders, Philadelphia 2001.
 
no abstract available
57
TI
Nonorganic physical signs in low-back pain.
AU
Waddell G, McCulloch JA, Kummel E, Venner RM
SO
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1980;5(2):117.
 
Nonorganic physical signs in low-back pain are described and standardized in 350 North American and British patients. These nonorganic signs are distinguishable from the standard clinical signs of physical pathology and correlate with other psychological data. By helping to separate the physical from the nonorganic they clarify the assessment of purely physical pathologic conditions. It is suggested also that the nonorganic signs can be used as a simple clinical screen to help identify patients who require more detailed psychological assessment.
AD
PMID