Replacement of a diseased heart valve with a prosthetic valve exchanges the native disease for potential prosthesis-related complications. The frequency of serious complications depends upon the valve type and position, and other clinical risk factors.
There are five main issues the clinician must face in managing the patient with a prosthetic heart valve:
●Antithrombotic therapy to prevent valve thrombosis and thromboembolism
●Evaluation of valve function and durability