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Anthelminthic therapies

Author
Peter F Weller, MD, FACP
Section Editor
Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
Deputy Editor
Elinor L Baron, MD, DTMH

INTRODUCTION

Helminths are multicellular parasites with complex life cycles within and outside of human hosts. The mechanisms of action for many anthelminthic agents remain incompletely understood.

Anthelminthic drugs are used for treatment of symptomatic disease and for mass drug treatment programs in regions with high prevalence of infection and disease [1,2]. In some endemic areas, deworming strategies have been associated with health benefits including improvements in hemoglobin levels, growth and physical fitness, cognitive performance, and nutritional status [3,4]. (See "Mass drug administration for control of parasitic infections".)

In the United States, some agents are available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Drug Service (telephone 1-404-639-3670).

An overview of anthelminthic therapies will be presented here. Therapeutic and more detailed considerations for specific helminth infections are discussed separately. (See related topics.)

IVERMECTIN

Ivermectin is a semisynthetic derivative of avermectin, which is derived from the soil mold Streptomyces avermitilis. Ivermectin opens glutamate-sensitive chloride channel currents in helminths, and this may be its mechanism of action [5].

            

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Thu Apr 30 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2015.
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