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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 60

of 'Anterior cruciate ligament injury'

The risk of anterior cruciate ligament rupture with generalised joint laxity.
Ramesh R, Von Arx O, Azzopardi T, Schranz PJ
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005;87(6):800.
We assessed hyperextension of the knee and joint laxity in 169 consecutive patients who underwent an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between 2000 and 2002 and correlated this with a selected number of age- and gender-matched controls. In addition, the mechanism of injury in the majority of patients was documented. Joint laxity was present in 42.6% (72 of 169) of the patients and hyperextension of the knee in 78.7% (133 of 169). All patients with joint laxity had hyperextension of their knee. In the control group only 21.5% (14 of 65) had joint laxity and 37% (24 of 65) had hyperextension of the knee. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation for these associations. We conclude that anterior cruciate ligament injury is more common in those with joint laxity and particularly so for those with hyperextension of the knee.
Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Centre, Royal Devon&Exeter Hospital NHS Trust Wonford, Barrack Road, Exeter EX2 5DW, UK. rrameshdr@aol.com