Medline ® Abstract for Reference 126
of 'Anterior cruciate ligament injury'
Graft site morbidity with autogenous semitendinosus and gracilis tendons.
Yasuda K, Tsujino J, Ohkoshi Y, Tanabe Y, Kaneda K
Am J Sports Med. 1995;23(6):706.
To distinguish between morbidity caused by harvesting semitendinosus and gracilis tendons and morbidity associated with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, we performed a prospective randomized study using 65 patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using these tendons. The patients underwent either contralateral (N = 34) or ipsilateral (N = 31) graft harvest. For the nonoperated knees in the ipsilateral harvest group, isometric and isokinetic strength of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles increased to approximately 120% of the preoperative value at 12 months after surgery. Compared with these knees, the tendon harvest did not affect quadriceps muscle strength at all. However, harvest did decrease hamstring muscles strength for 9 months after surgery. The graft harvest in the knees with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction also did not significantly affect quadriceps muscle strength, but it did significantly decrease hamstring muscles strength only at 1 month. Activity-related soreness at the donor site was rarely restricting and resolved by 3 months. This study demonstrated that the semitendinosus and gracilis tendon graft is a reasonable choice to minimize the donor site morbidity in ligament reconstruction using autografts.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.