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Anesthesia for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy in children

Author
Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Andrew Davidson, MD
Deputy Editor
Marianna Crowley, MD

INTRODUCTION

Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in children. Airway obstruction, resulting in sleep-disordered breathing or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and recurrent infection are the most common indications for adenotonsillectomy. Forty years ago, the majority of tonsillectomies were performed for infection, while OSA is now the most common indication, accounting for over 75 percent of cases.

The following features make airway management for adenotonsillectomy particularly challenging:

The airway is shared between the anesthesiologist and the surgeon and must be protected from blood and secretions.

The incidence of laryngospasm is higher than during other surgical procedures.

Children who undergo the procedure for OSA are at particularly high risk of significant respiratory complications in the postoperative period.

                          

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Wed Nov 23 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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