Medline ® Abstract for Reference 62
of 'Anemia in children due to decreased red blood cell production'
Mode of action of the IgG inhibitor of erythropoiesis in transient erythroblastopenia of children.
Dessypris EN, Krantz SB, Roloff JS, Lukens JN
Twelve cases of transient erythroblastopenia of childhood (TEC) have been studied to evaluate their marrow cell erythropoiesis in vitro and the effect on it of their serum or IgG. The number of colony-forming units-erythroid (CFU-E) and burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) in the bone marrow of nine cases was extremely variable and did not allow any conclusion regarding the pathogenesis of this anemia. An IgG inhibitor of growth of erythroid colonies or bursts was detected in 8/12 cases. This IgG inhibitor had no effect on the growth of granulocyte-macrophage colonies. Further studies on its mode of action indicated that the IgG did not have antierythropoietin antibody properties and did not affect the mature erythroblasts, as shown by a lack of inhibition of their responses to erythropoietin and by the lack of a cytotoxic effect on 59Fe-labeled erythroblasts. In four cases, preincubation studies demonstrated a direct effect of the IgG on the CFU-E, which was complement-mediated in three cases and complement-independent in one case. In two other cases, the IgG suppressed the growth of normal BFU-E only without affecting the growth of CFU-E. The IgG inhibitor was no longer present after the erythroblastopenia had remitted. These studies demonstrate that in the majority of cases of TEC, an IgG suppressor of erythropoiesis in vitro is present. Its mode of action is heterogeneous regarding its requirement for complement. Its target cells are the earlier or later erythroid progenitors, BFU-E or CFU-E, but not the differentiated erythroblasts.