This overview topic presents the components and goals of asthma management. It is applicable to both children and adults. The information herein is consistent with "The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program: Expert Panel Report 3, Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma – Full Report 2007" . Similar guidelines have been published by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) .
The diagnosis of asthma and more detailed management issues are reviewed elsewhere. (See "Diagnosis of asthma in adolescents and adults" and "Asthma in children younger than 12 years: Initial evaluation and diagnosis" and "Asthma in children younger than 12 years: Treatment of persistent asthma with controller medications" and "Treatment of intermittent and mild persistent asthma in adolescents and adults" and "Treatment of moderate persistent asthma in adolescents and adults".)
COMPONENTS OF ASTHMA MANAGEMENT
The successful management of patients with asthma includes four essential components:
●Routine monitoring of symptoms and lung function
●Patient education to create a partnership between clinician and patient