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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 53

of 'Ampullary carcinoma: Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and staging'

53
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Added value of diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the diagnosis of ampullary carcinoma.
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Jang KM, Kim SH, Lee SJ, Park HJ, Choi D, Hwang J
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Radiology. 2013;266(2):491. Epub 2012 Dec 13.
 
PURPOSE: To evaluate the added value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in diagnostic performance of conventional MR imaging for diagnosis of ampullary carcinoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved, and informed consent was waived. Twenty-three patients with malignant ampullary obstruction and 39 patients with benign ampullary obstruction were included. Qualitative (signal intensity and enhancement pattern) and quantitative (apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC]) analyses were conducted for visible or expected locations of duodenal papillae. Two observers independently reviewed conventional MR images and subsequently reviewed combined conventional and diffusion-weighted MR images. A five-point scale for likelihood of ampullary carcinoma was used. Fisher exact test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparing groups, and diagnostic performance (receiver operating characteristic [ROC]curve analysis), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were evaluated.
RESULTS: Visible or expected duodenal papillae in benign group showed isointensity (27-38 of 39, 69%-97%) and similar enhancement pattern (27 of 39, 69%) to that of normal duodenal wall more frequently than in malignant group (seven to 18 of 23 [30%-78%]and three of 23 [13%], respectively) on conventional MR images (P<.05). On diffusion-weighted images, 21 of 23 (91%) ampullary carcinomas showed hyperintensity, whereas all benign cases showed isointensity compared with normal duodenal wall (P<.001). Mean ADC of ampullary carcinomas (1.23×10(-3) mm(2)/sec) was significantly lower than that of benign group (1.69×10(-3) mm(2)/sec) (P<.001). Diagnostic performance (area under ROC curve [Az]) of both observers improved significantly after additional review of diffusion-weighted images; Az improved from 0.923 to 0.992 (P = .029) for observer 1 and from 0.910 to 0.992 (P = .025) for observer 2. In addition, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of combined conventional and diffusion-weighted MR images were higher than those of conventional MR images alone.
CONCLUSION: Addition of diffusion-weighted imaging to conventional MR imaging improves detection of ampullary carcinoma when compared with conventional MR imaging alone.
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Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, Korea.
PMID