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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 74

of 'Adjuvant therapy for resected stage III (node-positive) colon cancer'

Randomized phase III trial of treatment duration for oral uracil and tegafur plus leucovorin as adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage IIB/III colon cancer: final results of JFMC33-0502.
Sadahiro S, Tsuchiya T, Sasaki K, Kondo K, Katsumata K, Nishimura G, Kakeji Y, Baba H, Sato S, Koda K, Yamaguchi Y, Morita T, Matsuoka J, Usuki H, Hamada C, Kodaira S
Ann Oncol. 2015 Nov;26(11):2274-80. Epub 2015 Sep 7.
BACKGROUND: While adjuvant chemotherapy is preferable for high-risk colon cancer, treatment duration is controversial. Oral uracil and tegafur (UFT)/leucovorin (LV) is widely used as a standard adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer in Japan. We conducted a phase III trial to investigate the optimal duration of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIB/III colon cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with curatively resected stage IIB/III colon cancer were eligible for enrollment in this trial. Patients were registered within 6 weeks after surgery and were randomly assigned to receive UFT/LV for 28 of 35 days for 6 months in the control group or for 5 consecutive days per week for 18 months in the study group. The primary end point was the disease-free survival (DFS), and the secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and safety.
RESULT: A total of 1071 patients were registered from 233 centers. A statisticallysignificant difference in DFS was not observed between the study group and the control group; the 5-year DFS was 69% in the study group and 69% in the control group. The 5-year OS was 85% in the study group and 85% in the control group.
CONCLUSION: Eighteen-month treatment with UFT/LV did not improve DFS or OS compared with 6-month UFT/LV treatment in patients with stage IIB/III colon cancer. The important finding from this study is that not 18 months but 6 months of treatment is enough for postoperative UFT/LV for stage IIB/III colon cancer.
Department of Surgery, Tokai University, Isehara sadahiro@is.icc.u-tokai.ac.jp.