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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 110

of 'Adjuvant therapy for resected stage III (node-positive) colon cancer'

Extrapelvic colon--areas of failure in a reoperation series: implications for adjuvant therapy.
Gunderson LL, Sosin H, Levitt S
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1985;11(4):731.
A total of 230 patients had planned single or multiple reoperative procedures following "curative" resection of colorectal cancer at the University of Minnesota. The site of the primary lesion was extrapelvic in 91, and later evidence of cancer was found in 58 patients (64%) at re-operation and/or other follow-up. Eight of the 58 (14%) were converted to disease-free status. Incidence and patterns of failure were correlated with initial operative-pathologic extent of disease (87 of the 91 at risk had initial tumor extension beyond the bowel wall, involved nodes or both) and comparisons were made with the previously analyzed rectal reoperation patients. While a component of local-regional failure was more common with rectal lesions (48/74 at risk, 65%), it was not uncommon with extrapelvic primaries (44/91-48%). The incidence of hematogenous metastasis (DM) was equal, but the pattern of initial DM differed (extrapelvic colon--primarily liver; rectum--liver and lung). Peritoneal seeding was a more common component of failure with the extrapelvic primaries (19/91--21% vs 3/74-4%). Since surgery alone is inadequate treatment for many patients with colon as well as rectal cancer, the rationale of adjuvant radiation and systemic therapy, alone or in combination, is discussed.