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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 28

of 'Adjuvant chemotherapy for resected stage II colon cancer'

Effect of High-Grade Disease on Outcomes of Surgically Treated Colon Cancer.
Amri R, Bordeianou LG, Berger DL
Ann Surg Oncol. 2016 Apr;23(4):1157-63. Epub 2015 Nov 20.
INTRODUCTION: Tumor grade is one of the cardinal pathological characteristics of colon cancer. Despite a large body of evidence on disease grade in general, the exact impact of high-grade disease in the context of the simplified high/low-grade dichotomy that is based on glandular formation rate has yet to be quantified.
METHODS: Patients with sporadic colon cancer treated surgically at our center (2004-2011) were included in an institutional review board-approved database. We measured the rates of distant and nodal disease spread in baseline pathology and the multivariable hazard radio (mHR) of recurrence and overall- and disease-specific mortality.
RESULTS: Among 922 patients with specified tumor grade in baseline surgical pathology, 175 (19.0 %) had high-grade disease. These patients were at far higher risk of lymph node metastasis (63.8 vs. 39.6 %; P < 0.001) and metastatic presentation (31.4 vs. 15.8 %; P < 0.001). These baseline differences also led to significantly worse outcomes, including disease recurrence (17.1 vs. 10.6 %; mHR = 1.83; P = 0.026), overall mortality (57.7 vs. 33.3 %; mHR = 1.65; P < 0.001), and colon cancer-specific mortality (39.4 vs. 16.9 %; mHR = 1.57; P = 0.004). Most significantly, in stage II patients (n = 294), those with high-grade disease (16.0 %) had an mHR of 2.84 (P < 0.001) for mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: High-grade disease on baseline surgical pathology is associated with a considerably higher rate of nodal and distant metastasis in colon cancer. As a result, the colon cancer-related mortality doubles for patients with high-grade disease. These findings were independent of baseline staging and confirm that the high-/low-grade tumor dichotomy is an important prognostic factor greatly influencing colon cancer outcomes across stages.
Division of General Surgery&Gastrointestinal Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.