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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 132

of 'Adjuvant chemotherapy for resected stage II colon cancer'

Longitudinal quality of life and quality adjusted survival in a randomised controlled trial comparing six months of bolus fluorouracil/leucovorin vs. twelve weeks of protracted venous infusion fluorouracil as adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.
Chau I, Norman AR, Cunningham D, Iveson T, Hill M, Hickish T, Lofts F, Jodrell D, Webb A, Tait D, Ross PJ, Shellito P, Oates JR
Eur J Cancer. 2005;41(11):1551.
Longitudinal quality of life (QOL) assessment is infrequently made in adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer (CRC). This analysis aims to assess QOL and quality adjusted survival (QAS) in patients receiving adjuvant 5-FU for stage II and III CRC. We performed a multicentre study in which 801 patients were randomised to 6 months of bolus 5-FU/leucovorin (LV n = 404) or 12 weeks of protracted venous infusion (PVI) 5-FU (n = 397). There were significant differences in the deterioration of QOL scores at week 2 with bolus 5-FU/LV compared to PVI 5-FU (P<0.001), coinciding with toxicity peak during the first cycle. Following week 12, global QOL recovered to baseline when PVI 5-FU was stopped but this was delayed with bolus 5-FU/LV until completion at week 24. QOL scores significantly improved in both arms during follow-up (P<0.001) and reached a plateau by year 1 without incremental improvement between years 2 and 5. There was a trend towards better QAS with PVI 5-FU. Twelve weeks of adjuvant PVI 5-FU was associated with significantly better QOL during treatment and faster time to recovery compared to 6 months of bolus 5-FU/LV.
Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, Sutton, Surrey, UK.