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Acute pericarditis: Treatment and prognosis

Author
Massimo Imazio, MD, FESC
Section Editor
Martin M LeWinter, MD
Deputy Editor
Brian C Downey, MD, FACC

INTRODUCTION

The pericardium is a fibroelastic sac made up of visceral and parietal layers separated by a (potential) space, the pericardial cavity. In healthy individuals, the pericardial cavity contains 15 to 50 mL of an ultrafiltrate of plasma.

Diseases of the pericardium present clinically in one of several ways:

Acute and recurrent pericarditis

Pericardial effusion without major hemodynamic compromise

Cardiac tamponade

                      

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Literature review current through: Aug 2017. | This topic last updated: Aug 31, 2017.
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References
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