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Acute mastoiditis in children: Treatment and prevention

Author
Ellen R Wald, MD
Section Editors
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Anna H Messner, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Acute mastoiditis is the most common suppurative complication of acute otitis media (AOM) [1]. However, in more than one-half of cases, acute mastoiditis is the first evidence of AOM [2-4].

The treatment and prevention of acute mastoiditis in children are discussed below. The clinical features and diagnosis of acute mastoiditis are discussed separately. (See "Acute mastoiditis in children: Clinical features and diagnosis".)

AOM is also discussed separately. (See "Acute otitis media in children: Epidemiology, microbiology, clinical manifestations, and complications" and "Acute otitis media in children: Diagnosis" and "Acute otitis media in children: Treatment".)

DEFINITIONS

Mastoiditis is a suppurative infection of the mastoid air cells.

Acute mastoiditis is a suppurative infection of the mastoid air cells with symptoms of less than one month's duration. Acute mastoiditis is subdivided according to the pathologic stage (see "Acute mastoiditis in children: Clinical features and diagnosis", section on 'Pathogenesis') [1]:

            

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Mon Jan 05 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2015.
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