Medline ® Abstracts for References 1,4
of 'Acute diverticulitis complicated by fistula formation'
Internal fistulas in diverticular disease.
Woods RJ, Lavery IC, Fazio VW, Jagelman DG, Weakley FL
Dis Colon Rectum. 1988;31(8):591.
Internal fistulas in diverticular disease are uncommon and have a reputation of being difficult to treat. Eighty four patients treated from 1960 to April 1986, representing 20.4 percent (84 of 412) of the surgically treated diverticular disease patients, were reviewed. Eight patients had multiple fistulas. Sixty-five percent (60 to 92) of fistulas were colovesical, 25 percent (23 of 92) colovaginal, 6.5 percent (6 of 92) coloenteric, and 3 percent (3 of 92) colouterine fistulas. There were 66 percent (35 of 53) males and 34 percent (18 of 53) females with colovesical fistulas only. Hysterectomies had been performed in 50 percent (12 of 24) and 83 percent (19 of 23) of females with colovesical and colovaginal fistulas, respectively. Operative management included: resection anastomosis, resection with anastomosis and diversion, Hartmann procedure, and three-stage procedure. In the latter half of the series there was a significant decrease in staging procedures with no significant statistical difference in complications. There were three deaths (3.5 percent) in the series. Other complications included: wound infection, 21 percent (18 of 84), enterocutaneous fistula, 1 percent (4 of 84), and anastomotic dehiscence, 5 percent (4 of 84). Primary anastomosis can be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality and today is the procedure of choice, leaving staging procedures to selected patients.
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44106.
Accuracy of computerized tomography in the diagnosis of colovesical fistula secondary to diverticular disease.
Jarrett TW, Vaughan ED Jr
J Urol. 1995;153(1):44.
We reviewed 9 consecutive patients with colovesical fistula secondary to diverticulitis during a 2-year period. Preoperative evaluation included computerized tomography (CT) and a barium enema or colonoscopy in all patients (8 underwent cystoscopy). All patients subsequently underwent laparotomy with a single or multiple staged repair. Using CT criteria for diagnosis of colovesical fistulas, the study accurately predicted the presence and location of fistula in 8 patients, and was suspicious in 1. Findings at cystoscopy only diagnosed 3 fistulas and were suspicious in 4. The remaining diagnostic tests, including excretory urography, barium enema, abdominal plain films, colonoscopy and cystogram, were unremarkable except for a single cystogram and barium enema. In addition to documenting the fistula, CT provided important intraluminal and extraluminal pathological findings helpful in planning subsequent surgery. Thus, CT should be included in the initial evaluation of patients with suspected colovesical fistula.
Department of Urology, James Buchanan Brady Foundation, New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, New York.