Acute cystitis: Management and prognosis in children older than two years and adolescents
- Debra L Palazzi, MD, MEd
Debra L Palazzi, MD, MEd
- Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases Section
- Baylor College of Medicine
- Judith R Campbell, MD
Judith R Campbell, MD
- Professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
- Baylor College of Medicine
- Section Editors
- Tej K Mattoo, MD, DCH, FRCP
Tej K Mattoo, MD, DCH, FRCP
- Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
- Professor of Pediatrics
- Wayne State University School of Medicine
- Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
- Editor-in-Chief — Pediatrics
- Section Editor — Pediatric Infectious Diseases
- Professor and Vice Chairman for Clinical Affairs
- Baylor College of Medicine
Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder, usually caused by infection, which can occur alone or in conjunction with pyelonephritis.
The management and prognosis of acute cystitis in children older than two years and adolescents will be reviewed here. The clinical features and diagnosis of acute cystitis in children older than two years and adolescents is discussed separately. (See "Acute cystitis: Clinical features and diagnosis in children older than two years and adolescents".)
Urinary tract infection in newborns and children younger than two years (in whom it is difficult to distinguish cystitis from pyelonephritis on clinical grounds) also is discussed separately.
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- BACTERIAL CYSTITIS
- When to initiate antimicrobial therapy
- Choice of agent
- - Uncomplicated cystitis
- - Complicated cystitis
- - Indications for parenteral therapy
- Duration of therapy
- Response to therapy
- Management of bladder catheters
- FUNGAL CYSTITIS
- VIRAL CYSTITIS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS