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Acute cystitis: Clinical features and diagnosis in children older than two years and adolescents

Debra L Palazzi, MD, MEd
Judith R Campbell, MD
Section Editors
Tej K Mattoo, MD, DCH, FRCP
Sheldon L Kaplan, MD
Deputy Editor
Mary M Torchia, MD


Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder, usually caused by infection, which can occur alone or in conjunction with pyelonephritis.

The clinical features and diagnosis of acute cystitis in children older than two years and adolescents will be reviewed here. The management and prognosis of acute cystitis in children older than two years and adolescents is discussed separately. (See "Acute cystitis: Management and prognosis in children older than two years and adolescents".)

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in newborns and children younger than two years (in whom it is difficult to distinguish cystitis from pyelonephritis on clinical grounds) also is discussed separately.

(See "Urinary tract infections in neonates".)

(See "Urinary tract infections in children: Epidemiology and risk factors".)

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Literature review current through: Oct 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 29, 2016.
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