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Acute colonic diverticulitis: Surgical management

Author
John H Pemberton, MD
Section Editor
Martin Weiser, MD
Deputy Editor
Wenliang Chen, MD, PhD

INTRODUCTION

Diverticular disease of the colon is an important cause of hospital admissions and a significant contributor to healthcare costs in industrialized nations [1,2]. In Western countries, the majority of patients present with sigmoid diverticulitis [3,4]. Although most patients with acute diverticulitis can be treated medically, approximately 15 percent will require surgery [5]. In the United States, diverticular disease is the leading indication for elective colon surgery [6].

The indications for surgery, the choice of procedures in different clinical scenarios, the surgical techniques, and the perioperative considerations are discussed here. The diagnosis and medical management of acute diverticulitis are discussed separately. (See "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of acute diverticulitis in adults" and "Acute colonic diverticulitis: Medical management".)

INDICATIONS FOR SURGERY

Since most patients with diverticulitis are treated medically, surgery is only indicated when diverticular disease is either not amenable or refractory to medical therapy (algorithm 1) [5,7-9].

Indication for emergency surgery — Acute diverticulitis with frank (free) perforation is a life-threatening condition that mandates emergency surgery [5,9-11]. (See 'Resection' below.)

Indications for urgent surgery — Urgent surgery (in which an operation is generally required during the same hospitalization) should be performed in patients with one of the indications discussed below.

                                    

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Literature review current through: Nov 2016. | This topic last updated: Mon Oct 24 00:00:00 GMT+00:00 2016.
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