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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36

of 'Actions of angiotensin II on the heart'

Opposite effects of angiotensin AT1 and AT2 receptor antagonists on recovery of mechanical function after ischemia-reperfusion in isolated working rat hearts.
Ford WR, Clanachan AS, Jugdutt BI
Circulation. 1996;94(12):3087.
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists, when given over the long term, reduce the deleterious consequences of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Whether short-term administration of AT1 or angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor antagonists is cardioprotective has not been investigated.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of short-term administration of selective AT1 and AT2 receptor antagonists on the recovery of mechanical function during reperfusion after 30 minutes of global, no-flow ischemia were studied in left atrium-perfused isolated working rat hearts. Control hearts (n = 8) showed incomplete recovery of left ventricular minute work (LV work) and cardiac efficiency during reperfusion to 51 +/- 15% and 61 +/- 19% of preischemic levels, respectively. Compared with control hearts, the selective AT2 receptor antagonist PD123,319 (0.3 mumol/L) given before ischemia (n = 7) improved the recovery of LV work and efficiency to 82 +/- 4% and 98 +/- 7% of preischemic levels, respectively (P<.01). In contrast, the selective AT1 antagonist losartan (1 mumol/L) blocked the recovery of LV work and depressed efficiency to 0 +/- 0% and 1 +/- 0% (n = 7) of preischemic levels, respectively (P<.01; n = 7). Neither antagonist altered coronary vascular conductance.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first demonstration that short-term treatment with a selective AT1 versus AT2 antagonist exerts different effects on recovery of mechanical function after ischemia-reperfusion: the AT2 antagonist was cardioprotective, whereas the AT1 antagonist was not. These data suggest that AT2 antagonists and AT1 agonists may offer novel approaches for the treatment of mechanical dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion.
Division of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. wford@gpu.srv.ualberta.ca